Haloalkane

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A simple haloalkane. "R" stands for any type of carbon chain, while "X" stands for any halogen.

Haloalkanes are alkanes that contain one or more halogens. These organic compounds can be formed by a variety of different reactions. They cannot easily be reacted, making them reasonably stable.

Types of haloalkane[change | change source]

There are many types of haloalkanes. Some haloalkanes are primary, secondary, or tertiary. Some haloalkanes contain more than one type of halogen. Some haloalkanes contain no hydrogen atoms.

Whether the haloalkane is primary, secondary, or tertiary depends on where the halogen is placed in the molecule. Halogens placed on a carbon that is attached to one other carbon atom makes the haloalkane a primary alkane. Halogens placed on a carbon that is attached to two other carbon atoms makes the haloalkane a secondary alkane. Halogens placed on a carbon that is attached to two other carbon atoms makes the haloalkane a secondary alkane. Halogens placed on a carbon that is attached to three other carbon atoms makes the haloalkane a tertiary alkane.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. "CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes". Retrieved 19th December 2017. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)