Hoboken, New Jersey
Hoboken, New Jersey
|City of Hoboken|
The Mile Square City
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 9, 1849|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)|
|• Body||City Council|
|• Mayor||Ravinder Bhalla (term ends December 31, 2021)|
|• Administrator||Stephen D. Marks|
|• Municipal clerk||James J. Farina|
|• Total||2.011 sq mi (5.208 km2)|
|• Land||1.275 sq mi (3.303 km2)|
|• Water||0.736 sq mi (1.905 km2) 36.58%|
|Area rank||412th of 566 in state|
6th of 12 in county
|Elevation||26 ft (8 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||34th of 566 in state|
5th of 12 in county
|• Density||39,212.0/sq mi (15,139.8/km2)|
|• Density rank||4th of 566 in state|
4th of 12 in county
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0885257|
Geography[change | change source]
Hoboken is at 40°44'41" North, 74°1'59" West (40.744851, -74.032941).
History[change | change source]
Early history[change | change source]
Hoboken was originally an island. The Hudson River was to the east. To the west was a swamp near the Palisades Sill. The island was a campsite used by the Lenni Lenape. The name Hoboken comes from the original Lenape name for "Hobocan Hackingh" or "land of the tobacco pipe." Europeans came in the 17th century.
The first European to find Hoboken was Henry Hudson. He stopped his ship near Weehawken Cove on October 2, 1609. Three Native Americans sold Hoboken to Michael Paauw, Director of the Dutch West India Company on July 12, 1630. The first European settlers of Hoboken were Dutch farmers. Hendrick Van Vorst of Jersey City leased the land to Aert Van Putten, who was Hoboken's first person. In 1643 Van Putten built a farm house and brew house north of Castle Point. The brew house was America's first.
The land was taken by William Bayard. Bayard liked the revolutionary cause but changed to a Loyalist Tory in 1776 when the Rebels lost the New York and New Jersey Campaign. At the end of the Revolutionary War, Bayard's land was taken by the Revolutionary Government of New Jersey.
The nineteenth century[change | change source]
After the American war for independence, Hoboken was bought by Colonel John Stevens in 1784 for about $90,000. In the early 19th century, Stevens made the waterfront better for Manhattan people. He tested his inventions. Later in the century, Hoboken became better by being a shipping port and industrial center. Hoboken became a city in 1855, and Cornelius V. Clickener became the first Mayor. By the 19th century, shipping lines were using Hoboken as a port, and the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad (later the Erie Lackawanna Railroad) had became a railroad center at the waterfront.
In 1832, a cave called Sybil's Cave opened and was popular. At that time, Hoboken was not yet an industrial city, and Hoboken was a country spot. Sybil's Cave was used in one of Edgar Allan Poe's stories in 1841. The water in the cave was bad, so the cave closed in the 1880s. In the 1930s it was filled with stone but in 2005 it was reopened.
Hoboken grew. People got many jobs in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The Hoboken Land and Improvement Company, started by Colonel Stevens in 1838, created many streets, began housing, and created building sites. The housing was made up of masonry of three to five stories. Many buildings survive to the present day, and the street grid. It was also at this time that German immigrants became the main group in Hoboken. Along with the main industry of creating ships, well-known industries that created a big presence in Hoboken were Maxwell House, Lipton Tea, and Hostess, among others. In 1870, the Stevens Institute of Technology was created at Castle Point, the highest point in Hoboken.
"Heaven, Hell or Hoboken."[change | change source]
World War I changed Hoboken. People against Germans started the city being placed under law, and many Germans had to move to Ellis Island in nearby New York Harbor. Or they left the city. During the war Hoboken became famous. In Hoboken terminal, American troops got onto ships that went to Europe. More than three million soldiers went through the terminal, and their word phrase was "Heaven, Hell or Hoboken... by Christmas."
Interwar years[change | change source]
Post World War II[change | change source]
In the 1960s, other people followed, including Puerto Ricans. High crime rates shortly followed, and many of Hoboken's original residents slowly moved out, including Irish and Italians. In the middle of the 20th century, industries looked for greener areas, port jobs went to larger places in Newark Bay, and the car, truck and airplane relpaced the railroad and ship as the way of moving in the United States. Most of the ports closed around 1975.
In the 1970s and 1980s, Hoboken attracted artists, musicians, and commuters who were going into Manhattan for work. Making Hoboken better was done in the same way as in the Manhattan. Making Hoboken better has continued, with many new places to live now being built on what used to be industrial sites on the waterfront and even more so in the western parts of Hoboken that were wost for the longest time. Although political control of the city is largely influenced by the city's long-term residents, the "yuppies" who have settled in Hoboken are now showing extensive interest. The City of Hoboken is controlled by the Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council).
Demographics[change | change source]
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As of the census of 2000, there are 38,577 people, 19,418 households, and 6,835 families residing in the city. The population density is 11,636.5/km² (30,239.2/mi²). There are 19,915 housing units at an average density of 6,007.2/km² (15,610.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 80.82% White, 4.26% African American, 0.16% Native American, 4.31% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 7.63% from other races, and 2.78% from two or more races. 20.18% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 19,418 households out of which 11.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 23.8% are married couples living together, 9.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 64.8% are non-families. 41.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 1.92 and the average family size is 2.73.
In the city the population is spread out with 10.5% under the age of 18, 15.3% from 18 to 24, 51.7% from 25 to 44, 13.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 30 years. For every 100 females there are 103.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 103.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $62,550, and the median income for a family is $67,500. Males have a median income of $54,870 versus $46,826 for females. The per capita income for the city is $43,195. 11.0% of the population and 10.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 23.6% of those under the age of 18 and 20.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Character[change | change source]
With containerization in the 20th century Hoboken lost business as a port town and became rundown. Paterson, Elizabeth, and Camden were other places in New Jersey with similar problems. In the late 1970s, it began to prosper again and many people wanted to live there.
The city today is known for its excellent views of Manhattan, its fine-grained street grid, its historic architecture, and its restaurants and bars. A car is more of a hindrance than a help in getting around, and people do a great amount of walking. On weekend nights the town swells with young partygoers from nearby New Jersey towns who practice a rowdier style of barhopping than is fashionable across the river in Manhattan. Sundays are quieter.
Hoboken's gentrification has become relatively advanced, though many native residents remain in the city and hold political power. The population of "newcomers" or "yuppies", as they are typically called in the local press, consists of college and post-graduate students, bi-nationals, older artists and, increasingly, well-to-do commuters to Manhattan. However, rising rents and other costs of living, particularly in rental units, has resulted in some of the "bohemian" population moving away.
Waterfront[change | change source]
The Hoboken waterfront is the western shore of the Hudson from Newark Street and the Holland Tunnel to the south, and the Stevens Institute of Technology and Lincoln Tunnel to the north. The waterfront defined Hoboken as a port town and powered its economy from the mid-19th century to the outbreak of World War I when the federal government took control for war purposes. Control of the waterfront was returned to the city in the early 1950s. On the Waterfront, often listed among the five or ten best American films ever, was filmed here. It dramatized the lives of dockworkers, and the infiltration of unions by organized crime. Today the waterfront is a place to look at the Hudson River and Manhattan, with landscaped parks built on the foundations of former piers (Pier A, Pier C, Sinatra Park and Pier 14).
Local attractions[change | change source]
- Stevens Institute of Technology
- Hoboken Terminal Waiting Room
- Marineview Plaza Complex
- North Hoboken Harbor
- Castle Point
- Sybil's Cave
Parks[change | change source]
- Castle Point Park
- Church Square Park
- Columbus Park
- Elysian Park
- Frank Sinatra Park
- Gateway Park
- Jackson Street Park
- Leigon Park
- Madison Park
- Pier 14 (14th street pier)
- Pier A
- Stevens Park
- Hoboken Tea Building Walkway
- Hoboken Island (to be built)
- Hoboken Parks Initiative
Born in Hoboken[change | change source]
- Frank Sinatra
- G. Gordon Liddy, Watergate conspirator and rightist radio talkshow host.
- Michael Chang, pro tennis player.
- Dorothea Lange, outstanding portrait photographer.
- Alfred Stieglitz , leading figure of 19th and early 20th Century American photography.
- Alfred Kroeber, prominent 20th century anthropologist.
- Joe Pantoliano, actor.
- Pia Zadora, actress.
- Maria Pepe, first girl to play Little League baseball.
- Alfred Kinsey, famous psychologist who studied sex
- Ryan Songalia, boxing writer
- Tyshawn Taylor, professional basketball player
Active in Hoboken[change | change source]
- Stephen Foster, master 19th century songwriter.
- Alexander Calder, leading 20th century sculptor and artist.
- Hetty Green, (in)famous business woman
- Daniel Pinkwater, National Public Radio commentator and author.
- Mark Leyner, "postmodern" author.
- Yo La Tengo, art-rock band.
References[change | change source]
- Rodas, Steven. "Is Hoboken officially the 'Mile Square City'? Delving into the longstanding nickname" Archived 2017-11-07 at the Wayback Machine, The Hudson Reporter, January 17, 2016. Accessed June 2, 2016. "The same way New Yorkers call their city The Big Apple, many people refer to Hoboken as the 'Mile-Square City' or 'Mile Square City'. Despite the fact that the city covers 1.27 square miles on land (close to 2 if you count the water), the nickname has stuck through the years and made it into the appellations of local businesses, a bar, and a theater company."
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017.
- Department of Administration Archived 2021-05-16 at the Wayback Machine, City of Hoboken. Accessed January 31, 2018.
- City Clerk Archived 2021-05-16 at the Wayback Machine, City of Hoboken. Accessed January 30, 2018.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Hoboken, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
- DP-1: Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Hoboken city, Hudson County, New Jersey Archived 2020-02-12 at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 1, 2012.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Hoboken city Archived 2013-05-20 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed February 1, 2012.
- "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers New Jersey's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting", PR Newswire, February 3, 2011
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived 2020-02-12 at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 31, 2013.
- Look Up a ZIP Code, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 27, 2011.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Hoboken, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed December 30, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 29, 2011. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey Archived 2012-05-27 at Archive.today, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 1, 2012.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hoboken, New Jersey.|