Javanese language

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Javanese
ꦧꦱꦗꦮ
Basa Jawa
Aksara Jawa - basa.svg
Basa (language) written in the Javanese script
Pronunciation[bɔsɔ dʒɔwɔ]
Native toJava (Indonesia)
EthnicityJavanese (Mataram, Osing, Tenggerese, Boyanese, Samin, Cirebonese, Banyumasan, Javanese Surinamese, etc)
Native speakers
94 million (2013)[1]
Early forms
Old Javanese
  • Classical Javanese
    • Middle Javanese
Standard forms
Kawi
(Early standard form)
Surakartan Javanese
(Modern standard form)
DialectsJavanese dialects
Latin script
Javanese script
Pegon alphabet
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Language codes
ISO 639-1jv
ISO 639-2jav
ISO 639-3Variously:
jav – Javanese
jvn – Caribbean Javanese
jas – New Caledonian Javanese
osi – Osing
tes – Tenggerese
kaw – Kawi
Glottologjava1253[2]
Linguasphere31-MFM-a
Javanese language distribution.png
Dark green: areas where Javanese is the majority language. Light green: where it is a minority language.
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The Javanese language is a Austronesian language. It is spoken mostly on Java, in Indonesia.

Demographic distribution of Javanese speakers[change | change source]

Javanese is spoken throughout Indonesia, neighboring Southeast Asian countries, the Netherlands, Suriname, New Caledonia and other countries. However, the greatest concentration of speakers is in the six provinces of Java itself, and in the neighboring Sumatran province of Lampung.

Below, a table with the number of native speakers in 1980 is provided.[3]

Indonesian province % of the population Javanese speakers (1980)
1. Aceh province 6.7% 175,000
2. North Sumatra 21.0% 1,757,000
3. West Sumatra 1.0% 56,000
4. Jambi 17.0% 245,000
5. South Sumatra 12.4% 573,000
6. Bengkulu 15.4% 118,000
7. Lampung 62.4% 2,886,000
8. Riau 8.5% 184,000
9. Jakarta 3.6% 236,000
10. West Java[4] 13.3% 3,652,000
11. Central Java 96.9% 24,579,000
12. Yogyakarta 97.6% 2,683,000
13. East Java 74.5% 21,720,000
14. Bali 1.1% 28,000
15. West Kalimantan 1.7% 41,000
16. Central Kalimantan 4.0% 38,000
17. South Kalimantan 4.7% 97,000
18. East Kalimantan 10.1% 123,000
19. North Sulawesi 1.0% 20,000
20. Central Sulawesi 2.9% 37,000
21. Southeast Sulawesi 3.6% 34,000
22. Maluku 1.1% 16,000

References[change | change source]

  1. Mikael Parkvall, "Världens 100 största språk 2007" (The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007), in Nationalencyklopedin
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Javanesic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. The data is taken from the census of 1980 as provided by James J. Fox and Peter Gardiner and published by S.A. Wurm and Shiro Hattori, eds. 1983. Language Atlas of the Pacific Area, Part II. (Insular South-east Asia). Canberra
  4. In 1980 this included the now separate Banten province

Other websites[change | change source]