Jefferson County, Florida

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Jefferson County
Jefferson County Courthouse in Monticello
Jefferson County Courthouse in Monticello
Official seal of Jefferson County
Map of Florida highlighting Jefferson County
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 30°25′N 83°54′W / 30.42°N 83.9°W / 30.42; -83.9
Country United States
State Florida
FoundedJanuary 20, 1827
Named forThomas Jefferson
Largest cityMonticello
 • Total637 sq mi (1,650 km2)
 • Land598 sq mi (1,550 km2)
 • Water38 sq mi (100 km2)  6.0%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density25/sq mi (10/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts2nd, 5th

Jefferson County is a county in the U.S. state of Florida. As of 2000, the population is 12,902. The U.S. Census Bureau 2005 population for the county is 14,490.[1] Its county seat is Monticello, Florida.[2]

Jefferson County is part of the Tallahassee, Florida, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[change | change source]

Old Lloyd Railroad Depot, now the area's post office

Jefferson County was created in 1827. It was named for Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States of America, who served from 1801 to 1809. Monticello is a racially diverse town (see People).

Forts of Jefferson County[change | change source]

Jefferson County has many old forts that were used by early settlers and the military.

  • Fort Roger Jones (1839), Aucilla (Ocilla Ferry), north of US 90.[3]
  • Fort Noel (1839 - 1842), south of Lamont on the Aucilla River, six miles (10 km) northwest of Fort Pleasant in Taylor County. Also known as Fort Number Three (M).
  • Camp Carter (1838), near Waukeenah.
  • Fort Welaunee (1838), a settlers' fort on the Welaunee Plantation near Wacissa. Fort Gamble (1839 - 1843) was later established here.
  • Fort Aucilla (1843), two miles (3 km) south-east of Fort Gamble, southwest of Lamont, between the Aucilla and Wacissa Rivers. Also spelled Ocilla.
  • Fort Wacissa (1838), a settlers' fort located south of Wacissa on the Wacissa River, west of Cabbage Grove.

Land[change | change source]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 636.65 square miles (1,648.9 km2), of which 597.74 square miles (1,548.1 km2) (or 93.89%) is land and 38.91 square miles (100.8 km2) (or 6.11%) is water.[4]

Jefferson County is the only county in Florida which borders both the state of Georgia and the Gulf of Mexico.

Counties nearby[change | change source]

Entering Jefferson County on US 19 from Thomas County, Georgia

National protected area[change | change source]

  • St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Waterbodies[change | change source]

  • Aucilla River
  • Lake Miccosukee
  • Wacissa River

People[change | change source]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 12,902 people, 4,695 households, and 3,305 families living in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 5,251 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 59.27% White, 38.34% Black or African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 2.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,695 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.00% were married couples living together, 15.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were not related. 25.20% of all households were made up of people living alone and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 104.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,998, and the median income for a family was $40,407. Males had a median income of $26,271 versus $25,748 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,006. About 13.30% of families and 17.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.70% of those under age 18 and 17.00% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics[change | change source]

Jefferson County is one of only a handful of counties in the Florida Panhandle that politically favors the Democratic Party.

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic Other
2008 47.6% 51.2% 1.2%
2004 44.1% 55.3% 0.6%
2000 43.9% 53.9% 2.2%

Schools[change | change source]

Jefferson County High School

The Jefferson County School District is the only one in Florida operating under a declared financial emergency due to budget deficits.[6] On April 23, 2009, the Florida Department of Education took over financial oversight of the district.[7]

Cities and towns[change | change source]

Incorporated[change | change source]

Unincorporated[change | change source]

  • Alma
  • Ashville
  • Aucilla
  • Capps
  • Casa Blanco
  • Cody
  • Dills
  • Drifton
  • Fanlew
  • Festus
  • Fincher
  • Jarrott
  • Lamont
  • Limestone
  • Lloyd
  • Lois
  • Montivilla
  • Nash
  • Thomas City
  • Wacissa
  • Waukeenah

References[change | change source]

  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. "IRC Library:Fort Roger Jones". Archived from the original on 2013-03-16. Retrieved 2011-05-12.
  4. "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
  5. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. Tallahassee Democrat: State to take over Jefferson County School District's weak finances
  7. Tallahassee Democrat: Parents and teachers react to Jefferson County Schools' dire finances

Other websites[change | change source]

Government websites[change | change source]

Constitutional Offices[change | change source]

Jefferson County Schools[change | change source]

Judicial Branch[change | change source]

Special Districts[change | change source]

Coordinates: 30°25′N 83°54′W / 30.42°N 83.90°W / 30.42; -83.90