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Julius Kambarage Nyerere (April 13, 1922 - October 14, 1999), also known as Mwalimu (teacher), was President of Tanzania from 1964 to 1985. He was born in Butiama, Tanganyika. He used political repression against opponents. His attempt at using his socialist ideas of Ujamaa failed, making Tanzania very poor and caused widespread starvation. He led the overthrow of Idi Amin's regime in Uganda. He died of leukemia in London, England.