List of World Heritage Sites in Canada

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Canada has 20 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Nine of them are cultural sites, ten are natural, and one is mixed. This article lists all twenty sites in Canada.

List[change | change source]

Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description
Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks Lake and forest in front of high rocky mountains with snow. CanadaAlberta and British Columbia
51°25′N 116°29′W / 51.417°N 116.483°W / 51.417; -116.483 (Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
2,306,884 (5,700,430) 1984
[nb 1]
[1]
[2]
Dinosaur Provincial Park A skeleton of a dinosaur. CanadaAlberta
50°46′4″N 111°29′32″W / 50.76778°N 111.49222°W / 50.76778; -111.49222 (Dinosaur Provincial Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
7,493 (18,520) 1979 [3]
Gros Morne National Park Mountain landscape with little vegetation and ocher stones. CanadaNewfoundland and Labrador
49°37′N 57°32′W / 49.617°N 57.533°W / 49.617; -57.533 (Gros Morne National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
180,500 (446,000) 1987 [4]
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump A line of rocks overlooking a plain. CanadaAlberta
49°44′58″N 113°37′26″W / 49.74944°N 113.62389°W / 49.74944; -113.62389 (Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump)
Cultural:
(vi)
1981 [5]
Historic District of Old Québec A cluster of pre-20th century buildings across a street intersection. CanadaQuebec City, Quebec
46°48′34″N 71°12′38″W / 46.80944°N 71.21056°W / 46.80944; -71.21056 (Historic District of Old Québec)
Cultural:
(iv), (vi)
1985 [6]
Joggins Fossil Cliffs Fossilized tree trunk in a rock face. CanadaNova Scotia
45°42′35″N 64°26′9″W / 45.70972°N 64.43583°W / 45.70972; -64.43583 (Joggins Fossil Cliffs)
Natural:
(viii)
689 (1,700); buffer zone 29 (72) 2008 [7]
Kluane / Wrangell-St Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek A glacier, mountains of black gravel and snowcovered mountains. CanadaBritish Columbia and Yukon*;
Alaska, United States*
61°12′N 141°0′W / 61.200°N 141.000°W / 61.200; -141.000 (Kluane / Wrangell-St Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
9,839,121 (24,313,000) 1979
[nb 2]
[8]
[9]
[10]
Landscape of Grand-Pré Grand Pré memorial church and statue of Évangeline. CanadaNova Scotia
45°7′6″N 64°18′26″W / 45.11833°N 64.30722°W / 45.11833; -64.30722 (Landscape of Grand-Pré)
Cultural:
(v), (vi)
1,323 (3,270) 2012 [11]
L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site Grass-covered house with wooden chimneys. CanadaNewfoundland and Labrador
51°28′0″N 55°37′0″W / 51.46667°N 55.61667°W / 51.46667; -55.61667 (L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site)
Cultural:
(vi)
1978 [12]
Miguasha National Park Forested mountains with rocks and pebble beach. CanadaGaspé Peninsula, Quebec
48°6′18″N 66°21′11″W / 48.10500°N 66.35306°W / 48.10500; -66.35306 (Miguasha National Park)
Natural:
(viii)
87 (210) 1999 [13]
Mistaken Point An Ediacaran fossil found at Mistaken Point. CanadaNewfoundland and Labrador
46°37′55″N 53°11′25″W / 46.63194°N 53.19028°W / 46.63194; -53.19028 (Mistaken Point)
Natural:
(viii)
570 (1,400) 2016
[14]
Nahanni National Park Large but relatively low waterfall through rocks. CanadaNorthwest Territories
61°33′N 125°35′W / 61.550°N 125.583°W / 61.550; -125.583 (Nahanni National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
476,560 (1,177,600) 1978 [15]
Old Town Lunenburg Churches and brightly colored houses near the water. CanadaNova Scotia
44°22′34″N 64°18′33″W / 44.37611°N 64.30917°W / 44.37611; -64.30917 (Old Town Lunenburg)
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
1995 [16]
Pimachiowin Aki A rock wall at the edge of a body of water. CanadaManitoba and Ontario
51°49′35.1″N 95°24′40.6″W / 51.826417°N 95.411278°W / 51.826417; -95.411278 (Pimachiowin Aki)
Mixed:
(v), (vii), (ix), (x)
4,015,000 (9,920,000) 2018
[17]
[18]
[19]
Red Bay Basque Whaling Station Red Bay seen from the harbour. CanadaRed Bay, Newfoundland and Labrador
51°43′55″N 56°25′32″W / 51.73194°N 56.42556°W / 51.73194; -56.42556 (Red Bay Basque Whaling Station)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
313 (770) 2013 [20]
Rideau Canal A small canal with a set of locks leading from a river near a large city. CanadaOntario
45°0′N 75°46′W / 45.000°N 75.767°W / 45.000; -75.767 (Rideau Canal)
Cultural:
(i), (iv)
21,455 (53,020); buffer zone 2,363 (5,840) 2007 [21]
SGang Gwaay Clearance in a forest. CanadaBritish Columbia
52°5′42″N 131°13′13″W / 52.09500°N 131.22028°W / 52.09500; -131.22028 (SGang Gwaay)
Cultural:
(iii)
1981 [22]
Waterton Glacier International Peace Park Overlooking a lake from an elevated grassy perch. CanadaAlberta*;
Montana, United States*
49°0′N 113°54′W / 49.000°N 113.900°W / 49.000; -113.900 (Waterton Glacier International Peace Park)
Natural:
(vii), (ix)
457,614 (1,130,790) 1995 [23]
Wood Buffalo National Park A lake bed with a number of stones in it. CanadaAlberta and Northwest Territories
59°22′N 112°18′W / 59.367°N 112.300°W / 59.367; -112.300 (Wood Buffalo National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
4,480,000 (11,100,000) 1983 [24]
Writing-on-Stone / Áísínai'pi Áísínai'pi writings on stone CanadaAlberta
49°4′30″N 111°37′59″W / 49.07500°N 111.63306°W / 49.07500; -111.63306 (Áísínai'pi)
Cultural:
iii
1,106 (2,730) 2019 [25]

Tentative list[change | change source]

Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year of submission Description
Gwaii Haanas Windy Bay forest in Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve. CanadaBritish Columbia
52°23′21″N 131°28′16″W / 52.38917°N 131.47111°W / 52.38917; -131.47111 (Gwaii Haanas)
Mixed:
(iii), (v), (vi), (vii), (ix), (x)
147,000 (360,000) 2004
Ivvavik / Vuntut / Herschel Island (Qikiqtaruk) Vuntut National Park. CanadaYukon
69°31′11″N 139°31′30″W / 69.51972°N 139.52500°W / 69.51972; -139.52500 (Ivvavik / Vuntut / Herschel Island (Qikiqtaruk))
Mixed:
(iv), (v), (vii), (viii), (x)
1,550,000 (3,800,000) 2004
Quttinirpaaq Gull Glacier ("Hand of God") at Tanquary Fiord opposite to Parks Canada campsite, Quttinirpaaq National Park, Nunavut, Canada. CanadaNunavut
82°13′N 72°13′W / 82.217°N 72.217°W / 82.217; -72.217 (Quttinirpaaq)
Mixed:
(iii), (vii), (viii), (x)
3,777,500 (9,334,000) 2004
Tr’ondëk-Klondike Klondikers carrying supplies ascending the Chilkoot Pass, 1898. CanadaYukon
64°N 139°W / 64°N 139°W / 64; -139 (The Klondike)
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
2004
Hecate Strait and Queen Charlotte Sound Glass Sponge Reefs CanadaBritish Columbia Natural:
(viii), (ix), (x)
100,000 (250,000) 2018
Stein Valley Blowdown Lake, Stein Valley Nlaka'pamux Heritage Park, British Columbia CanadaBritish Columbia
50°15′26″N 122°0′12″W / 50.25722°N 122.00333°W / 50.25722; -122.00333 (Stein Valley)
Cultural:
(iii), (vi)
107,191 (264,870) 2018
Wanuskewin Wanuskewin Heritage Park, near Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. CanadaSaskatchewan
52°13′39″N 106°35′47.54″W / 52.22750°N 106.5965389°W / 52.22750; -106.5965389 (Wanuskewin)
Cultural:
(iii)
2018
Anticosti Island Anticosti Island - Landsat satellite photo (circa 2000) CanadaQuebec
49°51′42.05″N 64°31′20.01″W / 49.8616806°N 64.5222250°W / 49.8616806; -64.5222250 (Anticosti Island)
Natural:
(viii)
928,900 (2,295,000)
(includes littoral area)
2018
Heart's Content Cable Station Provincial Historic Site CanadaNewfoundland and Labrador
47°52′21.1″N 53°22′7.1″W / 47.872528°N 53.368639°W / 47.872528; -53.368639 (Heart's Content Cable Station)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
Qajartalik CanadaNunavut
61°19′53.66″N 71°29′58.72″W / 61.3315722°N 71.4996444°W / 61.3315722; -71.4996444 (Qajartalik)
Cultural:
(iii)
2018
Sirmilik National Park and the proposed Tallurutiup Imanga National Marine Conservation Area East side of Bylot Island viewed from sea ice in June CanadaNunavut
73°51′7.69″N 83°4′50.128″W / 73.8521361°N 83.08059111°W / 73.8521361; -83.08059111 (Sirmilik National Park and the proposed Tallurutiup Imanga National Marine Conservation Area)
Mixed:
(v),(ix)
2018
Yukon Ice Patches CanadaYukon
60°16′49.6″N 135°41′36.6″W / 60.280444°N 135.693500°W / 60.280444; -135.693500 (Yukon Ice Patches)
Cultural:
(iii), (v)
2018

[26][27]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  2. "Decision - 14COM VII.E - Boundary Modifications: Canadian Rocky Mountains Parks (Canada)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  3. "Dinosaur Provincial Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  4. "Gros Morne National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  5. "Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  6. "Historic District of Old Québec". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  7. "Joggins Fossil Cliffs". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  8. "Kluane / Wrangell-St Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  9. "Decision - 16COM X.C - Extension: Glacier Bay National Park - extension of the Wrangell/St.Elias/Kluane site of Canada-USA (United States of America)". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  10. "Decision - 18COM XI - Extension: Tatshenshini-Alsek Provincial Wilderness Park (extension of the Glacier Bay/Wrangell/St. Elias/Kluane site) (Canada/USA)". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  11. "Landscape of Grand Pré". UNESCO. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
  12. "L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  13. "Miguasha National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  14. Eight new sites inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List, UNESCO World Heritage Committee news release, July 17, 2016
  15. "Nahanni National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  16. "Old Town Lunenburg". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  17. UNESCO bid for Manitoba-Ontario boreal forest suffers major blow, CBC News Manitoba, July 17, 2016
  18. Johnson, Rhiannon (1 July 2018). "Newest UNESCO World Heritage Site is boreal forest important to First Nations cultures". CBC News. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  19. "Pimachiowin Aki". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. UNESCO. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  20. "Red Bay Basque Whaling Station". UNESCO. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  21. "Rideau Canal". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  22. "SGang Gwaay". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  23. "Waterton Glacier International Peace Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  24. "Wood Buffalo National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  25. Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Writing-on-Stone / Áísínai'pi". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  26. "World heritage sites in Canada - Canada's Tentative List". Parks Canada. Government of Canada. 23 January 2018. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
  27. "Canada". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. UNESCO. Retrieved June 9, 2018.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Extended in 1990 to include Mount Robson, Hamber and Mount Assiniboine Provincial Parks.
  2. Extended in 1992 to include the Glacier Bay National Park and in 1994 to include the Tatshenshini-Alsek Provincial Park. The name of the site was changed accordingly from Wrangell/St. Elias/Kluane at the time of inscription to Glacier Bay/Wrangell/St. Elias/Kluane in 1992 to the present name in 1994.