Maya Plisetskaya

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Maya Plisetskaya
Майя Плисецкая

Maya Plisetskaya 2011.png
Plisetskaya in 2011
Born Maya Mikhailovna Plisetskaya
(1925-11-20)20 November 1925
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Died 2 May 2015(2015-05-02) (aged 89)
Munich, Germany
Cause of death Heart attack
Style Ballet, modern
Spouse(s) Rodion Shchedrin (m. 1958-2015; her death)
Awards Full cavalier of the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland"
Website The Plisetskaya-Shchedrin Foundation

Maya Mikhaylovna Plisetskaya (Russian: Ма́йя Миха́йловна Плисе́цкая; 20 November 1925 – 2 May 2015) was a Russian ballerina, choreographer, director and actress. She was born in Moscow, Soviet Union.

Plisetskaya gained an interest in ballet at a young age and was active during the Soviet period. She has been called by some, such as Nikita Khrushchev, one of the best ballerinas of all time. She was married to composer and pianist Rodion Shchedrin from 1958 until her death.[1]

Early life[change | change source]

Plisetskaya was born in Moscow, Russia to Lithuanian Jewish parents. Her mother, Rachel Messerer, was a silent movie actress and her father, Mikhail Plisetski, was a diplomat. She studied at the Bolshoi Theater.

Family[change | change source]

In 1938, her father was arrested and later executed during the Stalinist purges. Her mother was arrested soon after and, with Maya's seven-month-old baby brother, sent to a gulag in Kazakhstan for the next three years.[2][3] Plisetskaya was taken in by her maternal aunt (a ballerina) until her mother was released in 1941.[4]

During the years without her parents, and barely a teenager, Plisetskaya "faced terror, war, and dislocation". As a result, "Maya took refuge in ballet and the Bolshoi Theatre".[5]

Dancing[change | change source]

For many years she was not allowed to tour outside the Soviet Union. This ban was lifted in 1959 by Nikita Khrushchev.

Able to travel the world as a member of the Bolshoi, her skill as a dancer was widely recognised. It set a high standard for ballerinas in technique and dramatic presence. Khrushchev allowed her to go on the Bolshoi tour in New York and he was immensely satisfied upon reading the reviews of her performances. He embraced her on her return.[5]

Within a few years, she was recognized as “an international superstar” and a continuous “box office hit throughout the world”.[5] The Soviet Union treated her as a favored cultural emissary, as “the dancer who did not defect”.[5] Although she toured extensively during the years that other dancers defected, including Rudolph Nureyev, Natalia Makarova and Mikhail Baryshnikov, Plisetskaya always returned to Russia.

Plisetskaya explains that for her generation, and her family in particular, defecting was a moral issue. She had once asked her mother why their family didn't leave the Soviet Union when they had the chance, at the time living in Norway. Her mother said “Misha would never have been a traitor”.[4]:239

Personal life[change | change source]

Plisetskaya married composer Rodion Shchedrin in 1958. They lived in Munich, Germany. She was close friends with Robert F. Kennedy. Plisetskaya was a naturalized citizen of Lithuania[6] and Spain.[7]

Death[change | change source]

Plisetskaya died in Munich, Germany on 2 May 2015 from a heart attack, aged 89.[8]

Awards[change | change source]

Plisetskaya was given many awards by the Soviet Union, and by Russia. Of special note were:

Soviet Union[change | change source]

Russia[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Maya Plisetskaya biography". RT. Retrieved 6 February 2014. 
  2. Eaton, Katherine Bliss (2004). Daily Life in the Soviet Union. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-313-31628-7. 
  3. They were sent to ALZHIR camp, a Russian acronym for the Akmolinskii Camp for Wives of Traitors of the Motherland, "enemies of the people" [1]
  4. 4.0 4.1 Plisetskaya, Maya (2001). I, Maya Plisetskaya. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-08857-4. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Homans, Jennifer. Apollo’s Angels: a history of ballet, Random House (2010) pp. 383-386
  6. Plisetskaya and Shchedrin settle in Lithuania,; accessed 4 May 2015.
  7. Two greats of world ballet win Spanish Nobels,; accessed 4 May 2015.
  8. "Скончалась балерина Майя Плисецкая" (in Russian). ITAR TASS. 2 May 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2015. 

Other websites[change | change source]