Mecklenburg-Strelitz within the German Empire
Mecklenburg-Strelitz was a duchy and later grand duchy in northern Germany. It was about the same as the modern rural district of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. The duchy also had three exclaves near the town of Fürstenberg and the area around Ratzeburg in modern Schleswig-Holstein.
History[change | change source]
The Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz was set up in 1701. The capital was Neustrelitz. In 1808, the duchy joined the Confederation of the Rhine. The Congress of Vienna made it a grand duchy and member of the German Confederation. Mecklenburg-Strelitz joined the North German Confederation in 1867, and became a part of the German Empire in 1871. On January 1, 1934 it was joined with the neighbouring state of Mecklenburg-Schwerin to form the State of Mecklenburg (today part of the federal state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania).
The US county Mecklenburg (Charlotte, North Carolina) is named after Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Strelitz-born Princess Charlotte (queen consort of King George III of the United Kingdom). The flower Strelitzia ("Bird of Paradise") also is in honor of her home country. Queen Luise of Prussia also was a born princess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
Dukes of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, 1701–1815[change | change source]
- Adolf Friedrich II 1701–1708
- Adolf Friedrich III 1708–1752
- Adolf Friedrich IV 1752–1794
- Karl 1794–1815
Grand Dukes of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, 1815–1918[change | change source]
- Karl 1815–1816
- Georg 1816–1860
- Friedrich Wilhelm 1860–1904
- Adolf Friedrich V 1904–1914
- Adolf Friedrich VI 1914–1918
- Friedrich Franz IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 1918 (Regent)