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Mikawa Province

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Mikawa Province highlighted

Mikawa Province (三河国, Mikawa no kuni) was an old province of Japan in the area of Aichi Prefecture on the island of Honshū.[1] It was also known as Sanshū (三州 or 参州).

Mikawa had borders with Owari, Mino, Shinano, and Tōtōmi Provinces.

History[change | change source]

View of Mikawa Province, woodblock print

In the Edo period, the Tōkaidō road was the main route between the Imperial capital at Kyoto and the main city of the Tokugawa Shogunate. The road passed through Mikawa.[2]

In the Meiji period, the provinces of Japan were converted into prefectures. The maps of Japan and Mikawa Province were reformed in the 1870s.[3]

Shrines and Temples[change | change source]

Toga jinja was the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of Mikawa. [4]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Mikawa" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 629.
  2. Nussbaum, "Tōkaidō" at p. 973.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 1 Archived 2013-05-17 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-1-19.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Mikawa Province at Wikimedia Commons