Muhammad Qudrat-i-Khuda

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Muhammad Qudrat-i-Khuda
মুহাম্মাদ কুদরাত-ই-খুদা
Died(1977-11-03)3 November 1977
CitizenshipBritish Indian (1900-47)
Pakistani (1947–73)
Bangladeshi (1973–77)
Alma materUniversity of London
AwardsTamgha-e-Pakistan (1973)
Sitara-e-Imtiaz (1972)
Independence Day Award (1984)[1]
Ekushey Padak (1976)
Scientific career
FieldsOrganic Chemistry
InstitutionsCouncil of Scientific and Industrial Research
Karachi University
Dhaka University

Muhammad Qudrat-i-Khuda (c. 1900 – 3 November 1977) (Bengali: মুহম্মদ কুদরাত-ই-খুদা, FPAS, SI), was a Bangladeshi[2] organic chemist, educationist and writer. He founded the Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. From 1969 to 1972, Khuda served as the president of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences.

He was awarded Ekushey Padak in 1976 by the Government of Bangladesh for his contribution in education of the country and Independence Day Award in 1986 (posthumous) by the Government of Bangladesh for his contribution in science and technology.[3]

Early life[change | change source]

Khuda was born in Margram village, Birbhum District, Bengal Presidency, British India (now India). He passed Matriculation examination from Calcutta Madrasa in 1918 with First Division. In 1924, he received his MSc degree in Chemistry from Presidency College, Kolkata. Later, he studied in London University. In 1929, he received D. Sc. in physics from this institute.[4]

Works[change | change source]

Khuda was specialized in the field of organic chemistry. He conducted research on herbals, jute, salt, charcoal, soil and minerals. He extracted biochemical elements from local trees and plants that can be used for medical purposes. Khuda and his associates had patent of 18 scientific inventions. One of his most significant inventions was manufacturing of Partex from jute-stick. Other significant scientific innovations by Khuda were manufacturing malt vinegar from the juice of sugarcane and molasses, rayon from jute and jute-sticks, and paper from jute.[3]

Publications[change | change source]

  • Bigganer Saras Kahini (Interesting History of Science)
  • Bigganer Vichitra Kahini (Wonderful History of Science)
  • Bigganer Suchana (Origin of Science)
  • Jaiba Rasayan (Organic Chemistry) - four volumes
  • Purba Pakistaner Shilpa Sambhabana (Industrial Potentiality of East Pakistan)
  • Paramanu Parichiti (An Introduction to the Atom)
  • Bigganer Pahela Katha (First Word of Science)
  • Pabitra Quraner Puti Kotha O Angari Jaoyara (The Holy Sayings of Quran and Angari Jaoyara)

Awards[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "List of Independence Awardees". Cabinet Division, Government of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
  2. Zaman, Habibuz (1999). "§Presidency College" (google books). Seventy years in a shaky subcontinent. London, England: Janus. ISBN 1857564057. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Murshed, Md Mahbub (2003). "Qudrat-i-Khuda, Muhammad". In Islam, Sirajul (ed.). Banglapedia. Dhaka: Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
  4. Rahman, Syedur (2010). "Independence Day Award Winners 1977-2008" (google books). Historical Dictionary of Bangladesh. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0810874534. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  5. Chakrabarti, Kunal; Chakrabarti, Shubhra (2013). Historical Dictionary of the Bengalis (google books). Scarecrow Press. p. 371. ISBN 9780810880245. Retrieved 27 October 2017.

Other websites[change | change source]