Naberezhnye Chelny

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Naberezhnye Chelny
Набережные Челны
Other transcription(s)
 • TatarЯр Чаллы
Clockwise from top: Boulevard of Enthusiasts, «2/18» Business Centre, City view from Kama River, IT park
Clockwise from top: Boulevard of Enthusiasts, «2/18» Business Centre, City view from Kama River, IT park
Flag of Naberezhnye Chelny
Coat of arms of Naberezhnye Chelny
Location of Naberezhnye Chelny
Naberezhnye Chelny is located in Russia
Naberezhnye Chelny
Naberezhnye Chelny
Location of Naberezhnye Chelny
Naberezhnye Chelny is located in Tatarstan
Naberezhnye Chelny
Naberezhnye Chelny
Naberezhnye Chelny (Tatarstan)
Coordinates: 55°41′N 52°19′E / 55.683°N 52.317°E / 55.683; 52.317Coordinates: 55°41′N 52°19′E / 55.683°N 52.317°E / 55.683; 52.317
CountryRussia
Federal subjectTatarstan[1]
Foundedc. 1172
City status sinceApril 10, 1930
Government
 • BodyCity Council
 • MayorNail Magdeev
Area
 • Total171 km2 (66 sq mi)
Elevation
100 m (300 ft)
Population
 • Total513,193
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
532,472 (+3.8%)
 • Rank35th in 2010
 • Density3,000/km2 (7,800/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tocity of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny[1]
 • Capital ofTukayevsky District[1], city of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny[1]
 • Urban okrugNaberezhnye Chelny Urban Okrug[4]
 • Capital ofNaberezhnye Chelny Urban Okrug[4], Tukayevsky Municipal District[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
423800-423849
Dialing code(s)+7 8552
OKTMO ID92730000001
City DayAugust 10
Twin townsLiaochengEdit this on Wikidata
Websitewww.nabchelny.ru

Naberezhnye Chelny (Russian: На́бережные Челны́, IPA: [ˈnabʲɪrʲɪʐnɨjə tɕɪlˈnɨ]; Tatar: Яр Чаллы IPA: [ˈjar ɕɑlːɤ̆]) is the second largest city in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. It is a major industrial center. Naberezhnye Chelny is on the Kama River and is 225 kilometers (140 miles) east of Kazan. The city was named Brezhnev until 1988.

The population of the city over the years was: 513,193 (2010 Census);[2] 509,870 (2002 Census);[8] 500,309 (1989 Census).[9]

History[change | change source]

Naberezhnye Chelny was granted town status on August 10, 1930, and was named Brezhnev (after Leonid Brezhnev) from 1982 to 1988.[10]

The city of Naberezhnye Chelny was one of the centers of the Udmurt Jews, who spoke Udmurtish Yiddish.[11]

Economy[change | change source]

Kamaz and ZMA trucks are produced in Naberezhnye Chelny. The city is one of the largest planned cities in the world related to vehicles. With more than five square kilometres (2 sq mi) for production, the Kamaz plant is the largest vehicle factory in the world.

Transportation[change | change source]

Naberezhnye Chelny is a major transportation hub in Russia. It houses major railways, roadways, and airports. Its location on the Kama River gives it the status of an important port as well.

Culture[change | change source]

Alkonost, a Russian doom-folk metal band, was formed in Naberezhnye Chelny in 1995.

Sports[change | change source]

FC KAMAZ Naberezhnye Chelny is an association football club based in Naberezhnye Chelny, playing in the Russian Second Division.

Gallery[change | change source]

Sister cities[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Order #01-02/9
  2. 2.0 2.1 Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  3. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Law #47-ZRT
  5. Law #42-ZRT
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  9. Demoscope Weekly (1989). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  10. Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 289. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  11. Altyntsev A.V., "The Concept of Love in Ashkenazim of Udmurtia and Tatarstan", Nauka Udmurtii. 2013. No. 4 (66), p. 131. (Алтынцев А.В., "Чувство любви в понимании евреев-ашкенази Удмуртии и Татарстана". Наука Удмуртии. 2013. №4. С. 131: Комментарии.) (in Russian)