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Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic

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Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic
Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası  (Azerbaijani)
Flag of Nakhchivan
Official Flag
of Nakhchivan
Coat of arms
Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic within Azerbaijan
Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic within Azerbaijan
Official languagesAzerbaijani
• Parliamentary chairman
Vasif Talibov
Alovsat Bakhshiyev
LegislatureSupreme Assembly
• Establishment of the Nakhchivan ASSR
February 9, 1924
• Nakhchivan
Autonomous Republic
November 17, 1990
• Total
5,502 km2 (2,124 sq mi)
• Water (%)
• 2020 census
• Density
84/km2 (217.6/sq mi)
HDI (2014)Steady 0.772[1]
CurrencyAzerbaijan manat (AZN)
Time zoneUTC+4 (AZT)
Calling code+994 36
ISO 3166 codeAZ

The Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic (Azerbaijani: Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası, az) is a landlocked exclave of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The region covers 5,502.75 km2 (2,124.62 sq mi)[2] with a population of 459,600[3] bordering Armenia (border 221 km [137 mi]) to the east and north, Iran (border 179 km [111 mi]) to the south and west, and Turkey (border 8 km [5.0 mi]) to the northwest.

Name[change | change source]

"Nakhchivan" is believed to have Persian origins, with "Nakhjavan" meaning "place of descent" or "landing." The name could be associated with geographical features or historical events in the region.[4]

History[change | change source]

Nakhchivan has a rich history dating back to ancient times. It was part of various empires, including the Persian and Ottoman. In the 20th century, it became an autonomous republic within the Soviet Union. Today, it's an integral part of Azerbaijan, maintaining its unique cultural and historical significance.[5]

Districts[change | change source]

Subdivisions of Nakhchivan.

Nakhchivan has eight administrative divisions. Seven of these are districts, while the capital city is separate.

Map ref. Administrative division Capital Type Area (km²) Population (1 August 2011 estimate)[6] Notes
1 Babek (Babək) Babek Rayon 749,81[6] 66,2[6] Formerly known as Nakhchivan; renamed after Babak Khorramdin in 1991
2 Julfa (Culfa) Julfa Rayon 1012,75[6] 43,000[6] Also spelled Jugha or Dzhulfa.
3 Kangarli (Kəngərli) Givraq Rayon 711,86[6] 28,900[6] Split from Babek in March 2004
4 Nakhchivan City (Naxçıvan Şəhər) Municipality 191,82[6] 85,700[6] Split from Nakhchivan (Babek) in 1991
5 Ordubad Ordubad Rayon 994,88[6] 46,500[6] Split from Julfa during Sovietization[7]
6 Sadarak (Sədərək) Heydarabad Rayon 153,49[6] 14,500[6] Split from Sharur in 1990; de jure includes the Karki exclave in Armenia, which is de facto under Armenian control
7 Shakhbuz (Şahbuz) Shahbuz Rayon 838,04[6] 23,400[6] Split from Nakhchivan (Babek) during Sovietization[7] Territory roughly corresponds to the Čahuk (Չահւք) district of the historic Syunik region within the Kingdom of Armenia[8]
8 Sharur (Şərur) Sharur Rayon 847,35[6] 106,600[6] Formerly known as Bash-Norashen during its incorporation into the Soviet Union and Ilyich (after Vladimir Ilyich Lenin) from the post-Sovietization period to 1990[7]
Total 5,500[6] 414,900[6]

Famous people from Nakhchivan[change | change source]

Political leaders[change | change source]

Religious leaders[change | change source]

Military leaders[change | change source]

Writers and poets[change | change source]

Others[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Xəlilzadə, elgunkh, Elgun Xelilzade, Elgun Khalilzadeh, Elgün. "Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası Dövlət Statistika Komitəsi". Archived from the original on May 31, 2013. Retrieved June 12, 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. Official portal of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic :Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic Archived December 9, 2012, at Archive.today
  3. "Population of Azerbaijan". stat.gov.az. State Statistics Committee. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  4. Karimi, Majid (2021-12-31). "The Etymology and Origins of the Name Nakhichevan from the Historical Sources". History and Culture. Journal of Armenian Studies. 16 (2): 137–147. ISSN 1829-2771.
  5. "Naxcivan | History & Geography | Britannica". www.britannica.com. 2023-10-11. Retrieved 2023-10-18.
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 Official portal of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic :Cities and regions Archived 2014-05-19 at the Wayback Machine
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Hewsen, Robert H (2001). Armenia: A Historical Atlas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 266. ISBN 978-0-226-33228-4.
  8. Hewsen. Armenia: A Historical Atlas, p. 123.