National Fascist Party

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The National Fascist Party was the ruling party of the Kingdom of Italy from 1922 to 1943. It was a far-right party and followed the ideology of fascism.[1][2]

Benito Mussolini founded the party in 1919 and served as its chairman (Italian:Presidente del Partito Nazionale Fascista) from 1919 to 1943. The party came to power after Mussolini led thousands of Blackshirts on a march in Rome and forced King Victor Emmanuel III to appoint him as Prime Minister. Mussolini then banned all other political parties and established a one-party police state, which lasted until he was thrown out of power by his own citizens and ordered to be arrested by the King in 1943. After Mussolini's arrest, the National Fascist Party was destroyed.

Later parties[change | change source]

Republican Fascist Party[change | change source]

However, Mussolini was rescued from prison by German soldiers sent by Adolf Hitler in 1943, and was made the head of state (this time a member of the newly created Republican Fascist Party) of the Italian Social Republic, a puppet state whose real laws were made by the Nazis.

Mussolini was killed by Italian citizens in 1945 and the Republican Fascist Party was dissolved and banned after World War 2 ended in 1945 .

References[change | change source]

  1. Smith, Denis Mack (1983). Mussolini. New York, NY: Vintage Books. pp. 43, 44. ISBN 0394716582.
  2. Raniolo, Francesco (2013). I partiti politici. Roma: Editori Laterza. pp. 116–117.