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Regular pentacontagon
A regular pentacontagon
TypeRegular polygon
Edges and vertices50
Schläfli symbol{50}, t{25}
Coxeter diagramCDel node 1.pngCDel 5.pngCDel 0x.pngCDel node.png
CDel node 1.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel 5.pngCDel node 1.png
Symmetry groupDihedral (D50), order 2×50
Internal angle (degrees)172.8°
Dual polygonSelf
PropertiesConvex, cyclic, equilateral, isogonal, isotoxal

In geometry, a pentacontagon or pentecontagon or 50-gon is a fifty-sided polygon.[1][2] The sum of any pentacontagon's interior angles is 8640 degrees.

Regular pentacontagon[change | change source]

A regular pentacontagon is represented by Schläfli symbol {50} and can be constructed as a quasiregular truncated icosipentagon, t{25}, which alternates two types of edges.

Area[change | change source]

One interior angle in a regular pentacontagon is 172​45°, meaning that one exterior angle would be 7​15°.

The area of a regular pentacontagon is (with t = edge length)

and its inradius is

The circumradius of a regular pentacontagon is

Since 50 = 2 × 52, a regular pentacontagon is not constructible using a compass and straightedge,[3] and is not constructible even if the use of an angle trisector is allowed.[4]

Dissection[change | change source]

50-gon with 1200 rhombs

Coxeter states that every zonogon (a 2m-gon whose opposite sides are parallel and of equal length) can be dissected into m(m-1)/2 parallelograms.[5] In particular this is true for regular polygons with evenly many sides, in which case the parallelograms are all rhombi. For the regular pentacontagon, m=25, it can be divided into 300: 12 sets of 25 rhombs. This decomposition is based on a Petrie polygon projection of a 25-cube.

50-gon rhombic dissection.svg 50-gon-dissection-star.svg 50-gon rhombic dissection2.svg 50-gon rhombic dissectionx.svg

References[change | change source]

  1. Gorini, Catherine A. (2003). The Facts on File Geometry Handbook. Infobase Publishing. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-4381-0957-2.
  2. Peirce, Charles Sanders (1976). The New Elements of Mathematics: Algebra and geometry. Mouton Publishers. p. 298. ISBN 9780391006126.
  3. Constructible Polygon
  4. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-07-14. Retrieved 2015-02-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. Coxeter, Mathematical recreations and Essays, Thirteenth edition, p.141