Principality of Transylvania (1571–1711)
|Capital||Kolozsvár(Cluj), Gyulafehérvár(Alba Julia)|
|Language(s)||Latin (in administration, science and politics);
Hungarian, German, Romanian, Yiddish (vernacular).
|- The Hungarians establish their rule in Transylvania in the 11th century|
The Principality of Transylvania was a semi-independent state. It was ruled by mostly Calvinist Hungarian princes. The Principality existed as a semi-independent state from 1571 to 1711. It was a part of the Habsburg Monarchy / Austrian Empire from 1711 to 1867.