|Capital||Kolozsvár(Cluj), Gyulafehérvár(Alba Julia)|
|Common languages||Latin (in administration, science and politics);|
Hungarian, German, Romanian, Yiddish (vernacular).
The Principality of Transylvania was a semi-independent state. It was ruled by mostly Calvinist Hungarian princes. The Principality existed as a semi-independent state from 1571 to 1711. It was a part of the Habsburg Monarchy / Austrian Empire from 1711 to 1867.