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Odin and Fenriswolf, Freyr and Surt (Drawing by Emil Doepler, 1905)
Thor and the Midgard serpent
A scene from the last phase of Ragnarök, after Surtr put the world on fire
The new world, after Ragnarök, as the Völuspá describes it

In Norse mythology, Ragnarök ("fate of the gods"[1]) is the battle at the end of the world. It is to be fought between the gods or Æsir, led by Odin; and the fire giants, the Jötnar and other monsters, led by Loki and Surtr. Not only will most of the gods, giants, and monsters die in this battle, but almost everything in the universe will be destroyed.

The following battles will be fought:

  • Freyr vs Surtr: Freyr will be unarmed, and killed by Surtr
  • Odin vs Fenrir: Odin will be swallowed by Fenrir.
  • Vidar vs Fenrir: Vidar will kill Fenrir by stepping on the jaw of Fenrir and split it with his bare hands.
  • Thor vs Jormungandr: Both will slay each other
  • Tyr vs Garm: Both will slay each other
  • Heimdall vs Loki: Both will inflict fatal wounds on each other, but Loki shall refuse to die until he sees the destruction of the worlds

After these god will die Surtr will alight the world in flame, and all with burn, then a flood will in

The Gods who Survived[change | change source]

Baldr, Hod, Hoenir, Magni, Modi, Njord, and the daughter of Sol are stated to survived Ragnarok. All of the remaining AEsir will reunite at Ithavllir. Baldr and Hod who return from the underworld, Baldr was killed by Hod and Hod was killed by Vali, before Ragnarok. Hoenir lives, who makes slots for divination or received a wand for divination(the translation varies). Vidar(who avenges Odin) and Vali who where unharmed by Surtr fire or the flood. Magni and Modi who will wield their father's(Thor) hammer, Mjolnir, will also live. Njord is stated to return to Vanaheim at "the doom of man" which has been interpreted as Ragnarok, Sol(who dies) gives birth to a daughter who follow her path in the new world.

Theories of Ragnarok World[change | change source]

There are a few being who might survived, but not stated or is unclear. Nidhhoggr is stated to fly with darkness under him and corpse on his back at the end of the Voluspa. This has been noted to not fit well with the theme of the last, which is all of the old and wrong has been burn and a new world with good will rise of the waters. The last stanza has interpreted as the last evil in the new world, or Nidhhoggr will rise one more time then falls back to the ground, which mean evil has been defeat and all is good in this new world. Also dwarfs are stated to be in their "stone doors", this has be interpreted the dwarfs they are stuck in there mountain house/structure which are going to fall but there can't leave since if they go out side there will turn to stone.There are the only augment in this list that has a discussion between scholars, but their discussion is more about the the of the Voluspa then of the nature of the post Ragnarok world

References[change | change source]

  1. Snorri Sturluson in his Prose Edda spelled it Ragnarøkr (sometimes "Ragnarøkkr") which means "Twilight of the Gods," whence the German title of Wagner's work "Götterdämmerung."

2. The Voluspa in the Poetic Edda