Ruy Lopez

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The Ruy Lopez
abcdefgh
8
Chessboard480.svg
a8 black rook
c8 black bishop
d8 black queen
e8 black king
f8 black bishop
g8 black knight
h8 black rook
a7 black pawn
b7 black pawn
c7 black pawn
d7 black pawn
f7 black pawn
g7 black pawn
h7 black pawn
c6 black knight
b5 white bishop
e5 black pawn
e4 white pawn
f3 white knight
a2 white pawn
b2 white pawn
c2 white pawn
d2 white pawn
f2 white pawn
g2 white pawn
h2 white pawn
a1 white rook
b1 white knight
c1 white bishop
d1 white queen
e1 white king
h1 white rook
8
77
66
55
44
33
22
11
abcdefgh
position after 3.Bb5

The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening, is an ancient chess opening. It is named after the Spanish clerk Ruy Lopez who invented the method. These are the opening moves:

  • 1. e4 e5
  • 2. Nf3 Nc6
  • 3. Bb5

The Ruy Lopez is one of the most common and well liked openings, with many ways to play it. It has always been popular in master chess. Something to know about it is that it does not threaten the black e5 pawn:

  • 3.... a6
  • 4.Bxc6 dxc6
  • 5.Nxe5 Qd4 recovers the pawn.

For this reason White usually plays a longer-term strategy, starting

  • 3.... a6
  • 4.Ba4


  • ECO code: C60–C99. ECO is the Encyclopaedia of chess openings.