History[change | change source]
|Design of the palace|
|Back side of the palace||Front side of the palace||Design of the gates and buildings|
18th century[change | change source]
Ruzhany Palace was rebuilt in the Baroque and Neoclassical style in the 1770s, by Aleksander Michał Sapieha, employing the German architect Jan Samuel Becker of Saxony, who also designed an English-style garden around the palace. Aside from the palace, there was a theatre (1784–1788), an orangery and several other buildings. Becker also designed the local church (rebuilt in the 1850s).
The last King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, Stanisław II, visited the palace in 1784. By that time work on the palace was stopped. In 1795, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth was invaded and destroyed by the Russian Empire, Prussia and Austria. Then the land was divided among them. The palace, which was in the eastern part of the former Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, became part of Russia.
19th century[change | change source]
Since the 20th century[change | change source]
In 1914, the palace was accidentally set on fire by factory workers. The First World War and financial problems prevented the building's renovation until 1930. However the partially restored palace became a ruin again during the Second World War. The palace gate and the entry building were renovated in 2012.
References[change | change source]
- "Ruzhany Castle at the Official Website of the Republic of Belarus". Archived from the original on 2021-11-02. Retrieved 2022-11-16.
- "Land of Ancestors: Ruzhany Palace". Retrieved 2 November 2013.
- "Ruzhany Palance under the ownership of the Pines family". Retrieved 2 November 2013.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Ruzhany Palace at Belarusguide.com (in English)
- Photos at Radzima org (in English)
- Photos at Globus.tut.by (in Russian)