List of Egyptian gods and goddesses

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This is a list of Egyptian Gods and goddesses from Egyptian mythology. The old Egyptians worshipped a few gods at different times and in different places.[1] Some gods changed in importance over time or were nonexistent until later eras.

Name of position Role Notes
Amun A creator god Patron of the city of Thebes
Amunet Wife of Amun, one of the creation goddesses.[2] Amunet is Mythical goddess of mystery.
Anhur An Egyptian sky god and God of war.[3] His name meant "sky-bearer".[3] Husband of Mehit
Anput Goddess of the seventeenth Nome of Upper Egypt Mother of Kebechet
Anubis God of dead, embalming, funerals, and mourning ceremonies
Jackal-headed god
Son of Set and Nephthys, given to Osiris by Nephthys to protect from his father
Anuket Goddess of the river Nile
Apis A live bull worshipped as a god at Memphis[4]
Apophis God of snakes and war and Chaos He lives in the Duat. Also known as Apep. God of chaos sometimes seen as Apophis the chaos snake.
Aten The disk of the sun Originally an aspect of Ra
Babi God of baboons
Bast Cat goddess Known to protect pregnant women and children. She is also involved in celebrations. The protector of Ra, his third eye.
Bes Dwarf god of entertainment
Geb God of the earth Husband to Nut and father of Set, Osiris, Nephthys, Isis and Horus
Hapi God of the Nile
Hathor Goddess of love "alter ego" of Sekhmet
Heket Goddess of frogs
Horus God of war, sky, and falcons He is brother to Anubis and the son of Osiris and Isis. In another story, he is the sibling of Osiris and Isis and son of Geb and Nut.
Isis Goddess of magic, marriage, healing, and protection She is the wife and sister of Osiris and the mother and sister of Horus. When Osiris died, she resurrected him with magic by reattaching his limbs.
Kebechet Goddess of purification Also known as the wandering goddess, or the lost child
Khepri God of scarab beetles, sun, rebirth, and creation Ra's aspect in the morning
Khnum Ram-headed god, and god of the Nile River. Ra's aspect in the evening
Khonsu God of the moon Known in legend Nut gambles with him to add 5 days on to the end of the year to give birth to Horus, Osiris, Set, Nephthys, and Isis. Also known as the demon days.
Kuk Personification of darkness
Maahes Egyptian lion-headed god of war The son of the creator god Ptah, as well as the feline goddess Sekhmet
Ma'at Goddess of justice,truth and of order Also the daughter of Ra Command for Order
Mafdet God of justice Executioner of criminals, protector of the King's chambers
Mehit A lioness goddess Wife of Anhur
Nephthys Funerary goddess Consort of Seth, mother of Anubis
Nekhbet Vulture goddess Sister of Wadjet
Nut Wife of Geb
Osiris God of the underworld and the afterlife Husband and brother of Isis, Brother and mortal enemy to Set, father to Horus and Anubis.
Pakhet A goddess of motherhood and of war[5]
Ptah God of creation
Qebui God of the North wind[6]
Qetesh Goddess of nature, beauty, sacred ecstasy , and sexual pleasure Adopted into ancient Egypt from Kadesh in what is now Syria.[7]
Ra God of the Sun and creation Ra was king of the gods until Osiris took over his throne. He is also known as Amun-Ra and Akmun-Rah
Raet-Tawy Female sun goddess of Upper and Lower Egypt[8] Female counterpart of Ra[9]
Sekhmet Goddess of lions, fire and vengeance Alter form of Hathor
Seker Falcon god Primary god of the Memphis necropolis
Serqet Goddess of scorpions, magic, medicine, and healing venomous stings and bites.
Seshat Goddess of writing and measurement
Set God of chaos/change, deserts, storms, foreigners Also spelled Sutekh, Setesh, Seteh, Seth). Mortal enemy and brother to Osiris, Husband to Nephthys. He killed his brother Osiris because of jealousy. No one can really describe what he is. He is a human hybrid, half human mixed with an unknown creature. It is sometimes called the set animal
Shu God of wind, air , and light Consort of Tefnut, father of Geb and Nut Greatgrandfather to Anubis and Horus
Sobek God of crocodiles Rows Ra's Sunboat through the Duat
Sopdu A god of sky, the lord of the east. and is connected with Sah the goddess of Sopdet Associated with the sun and with the planet Venus
Tawaret Hippopotamus goddess
Goddess of childbirth and fertility
Tefnut Lion goddess of water and fertility Consort of Shu, mother of Geb and Nut
Thoth Scribe God of Knowledge, the Moon, Measurement, Wisdom, the Alphabet, Djeru, Records, Thought, Intelligence, Meditation, the Mind, Logic, Reason, Reading, Hieroglyphics, Magic, Secrets, Scribes, and Writing Also known as Djehuti
Wadjet Goddess of protection Sister of Nekhbet
Wadj-wer Personifies the Mediterranean Sea and other lakes.

References[change | change source]

  1. Hill, J. (2010). "The Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt". Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  2. Pat Remler, Egyptian Mythology, A to Z (New York: Chelsea House, 2010), p. 14
  3. 3.0 3.1 Margaret Bunson, Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt (New York: Facts on File, 2002), p. 38
  4. George Hart, The Routledge Dictionary of Egyptian Gods and Goddesses, Second Edition (London; New York: Routledge, 2005), pp. 29–30
  5. "Egyptian Gods: Pakhet". Retrieved December 18, 2016.
  6. Pat Remler, Egyptian Mythology, A to Z (New York: Chelsea House, 2010). p. 160
  7. A.E. Whatham, 'Phallic Symbolism', American Journal of Urology and Sexology, Volume 14, ed. Henry G. Spooner (January–December, 1918), p. 71
  8. Geraldine Pinch, Handbook of Egyptian Mythology (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2002), p. 185
  9. Richard H. Wilkinson, The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt (London: Thames & Hudson, 2003), p. 164