History[change | change source]
Somerset County is one of America's oldest counties, and is named after the English county of Somerset. The area was first settled in 1681.
Most of the early residents were Dutch. General George Washington and his troops marched through the county on several occasions and slept in many of the homes located throughout the area. Somerset County also played an important part during both World War I and World War II with weapons depots and the manufacturing of the army's woolen blankets.
Somerset County was primarily an agricultural county. In the late 19th century, the county saw many wealthy people come to live. The area is still the home of several wealthy people who were in the pharmaceutical industry.
In the 1960s, townships that were once exclusively agricultural were quickly transformed into suburban communities. Examples include Bridgewater Township and the Watchung Hills communities of Watchung, Green Brook and Warren Township.
Demographics[change | change source]
Census 2010[change | change source]
Census 2000[change | change source]
Municipalities[change | change source]
Municipalities in Somerset County are below. A CDP is a Census-designated place, as described by the Census Bureau.
(with map key)
|Bedminster Township (21)||township||8,165||4,349||26.30||0.22||26.08||313.1||166.8||LamingtonPluckeminPottersville|
|Bernards Township (20)||township||26,652||10,103||24.06||0.13||23.93||1,113.6||422.1||Basking RidgeLiberty CornerLyons|
|Bound Brook (6)||borough||10,402||3,816||1.69||0.04||1.66||6,269.6||2,300.0|
|Branchburg Township (16)||township||14,459||5,419||20.28||0.24||20.04||721.4||270.4||Neshanic StationNorth Branch|
|Bridgewater Township (17)||township||44,464||16,657||32.51||0.47||32.04||1,387.9||519.9||Bradley Gardens CDP (14,206)|
|Far Hills (3)||borough||919||418||4.88||0.08||4.80||191.6||87.1|
|Franklin Township (14)||township||62,300||24,426||46.85||0.70||46.15||1,350.0||529.3||Blackwells Mills CDP (803)
Clyde CDP (213) East Franklin CDP (8,669) East Millstone CDP (579) East Rocky Hill CDP (469) Franklin Center CDP (4,460) Franklin Park CDP (13,295) Griggstown CDP (819) Kingston CDP (part; 271) Middlebush CDP (2,326) Pleasant Plains CDP (922) Rockingham Six Mile Run CDP (3,184) Somerset CDP (22,083) Ten Mile Run CDP (1,959) Voorhees CDP (976) Weston CDP (1,235) Zarephath CDP (37)
|Green Brook Township (19)||township||7,203||2,448||4.48||0.01||4.47||1,610.5||547.3|
|Hillsborough Township (15)||township||38,303||14,030||55.00||0.47||54.54||702.3||257.3||AmwellCloverhillFlagtownNeshanicSouth BranchZion|
|Montgomery Township (13)||township||22,254||7,902||32.48||0.17||32.31||688.8||244.6||AmwellBelle Mead CDP (216)|
|North Plainfield (5)||borough||21,936||7,848||2.81||0.01||2.79||7,850.0||2,808.5|
|Rocky Hill (12)||borough||682||292||0.62||0.00||0.62||1,101.4||471.6|
|South Bound Brook (7)||borough||4,563||1,865||0.75||0.10||0.66||6,933.8||2,834.0|
|Warren Township (18)||township||15,311||5,258||19.64||0.08||19.57||782.5||268.7|
Transportation[change | change source]
Roads and highways[change | change source]
Somerset County has numerous roads. As of May 2010[update], the county had a total of 1,714.99 miles (2,760.01 km) of roadways. 1,370.80 miles (2,206.09 km) were maintained by the towns. 234.23 miles (376.96 km) were maintained by Somerset County and 109.96 miles (176.96 km) were by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Public transportation[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Clemence, Sara. "Home of the Week: Peapack Palace" Archived 2006-01-29 at the Wayback Machine, Forbes, March 14, 2005. Accessed May 22, 2008. "It was once the country home of some of the 19th century's wealthiest families, and modern-day residents now include pharmaceuticals and chemicals barons."
- The History of Bridgewater Township Archived 2013-10-05 at the Wayback Machine, Bridgewater Township, New Jersey. Accessed May 22, 2008. "In the early years, Bridgewater was known as a farming town."
- Sordillo, Victor J. About Warren Township, Warren Township. Accessed October 1, 2013. "Once described as 'the greenest place in New Jersey', Warren Township residents and elected officials are working to keep its rural character and charm while recognizing that there will be growth due to the town's beauty, favorable property taxes and strategic location. Less than 35 miles to Manhattan makes Warren Township a favorite suburb for commuters to New York City."
- Overview, Green Brook Historical Society. Accessed October 1, 2013. "As the traffic through the corridor expanded, Green Brook Township developed from a quiet farming community, which it had been for nearly two hundred years, into the suburban community that it is today."
- History, Borough of Watchung. Accessed October 1, 2013. "Watchung was settled in the early eighteenth century and grew slowly until recent years. In 1960 the population was 3,312 and in 2000 it was 5,613."
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000; Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Somerset County, New Jersey Archived 2020-02-12 at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 23, 2013.
- Tables DP-1 to DP-4 from Census 2000 for Somerset County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 6, 2008. Accessed October 1, 2013.
- DP-2 - Profile of Selected Social Characteristics: 2000 from the Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data for Somerset County, New Jersey Archived 2020-02-12 at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
- GCT-PH1: Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Somerset County, New Jersey Archived 2020-02-12 at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 14, 2015.
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 11, 2015.
- Somerset County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 24, 2014.
- Gladstone Branch Raritan Valley Line Archived 2016-04-17 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Transit. Accessed October 6, 2013.
- Raritan Valley Line Archived 2013-10-15 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Transit. Accessed October 6, 2013.
- Transportation Services Archived 2014-08-29 at the Wayback Machine, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed October 1, 2013.
- Somerset County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed October 6, 2013.
- Scoot, Ridewise. Accessed October 1, 2013.