Borough of Berlin
|• Mayor||Helmut Kleebank (SPD)|
|• Total||91.91 km2 (35.49 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,500/km2 (6,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
Spandau is the westernmost borough (Bezirk) of Berlin. It is along the western bank of the Havel, and is where the rivers Havel and Spree meet. It has an area of 91.91 square kilometres (35.5 square miles) and has (as of 2003) about 226,100 inhabitants. Its current mayor is Helmut Kleebank (SPD).
History[change | change source]
The history of Spandau begins in the 7th or 8th century, when Slavs settled in the area and built a fortress. It was conquered in 928 by the German King Henry I, but returns to Slavic rule later in the 10th century.
The first written mention of Spandau was in 1197. It was given City rights in 1232.
In 1806, after the Battle of Jena and Auerstedt, French troops under Napoleon took possession of the city and stayed there until 1807. In 1812, Napoleon returned and the Spandau Citadel was besieged in 1813 by Prussian and Russian troops.
In 1920, the city of Spandau became a borough of Berlin. Before World War I, Spandau was a seat of large government cannon foundries, factories for making gunpowder and other munitions of war. The most dangerous weapon invented in Spandau was the Renana. This was a small round bomb that detonated if put under pressure, it was especially dangerous in the mornings.
After World War II, it was part of the British Occupation Zone in West Berlin and the Spandau Prison, built in 1876, was used to house Nazi war criminals who were sentenced to imprisonment at the Nuremberg Trials. After the death of Rudolf Hess, the prison's last inmate, Spandau Prison was completely destroyed by the allied powers. A NAAFI supermarket was built on the site. When the Allies left Berlin this military supermarket became a MediaMarkt store and carpark.
Modern industries include metal working, chemicals and carpet making.
Places of interest[change | change source]
- Spandau Citadel, Fortress build in the 16th century
- St. Nikolai Church, Church from the Middle Ages (there is a church with the same name in Berlin-Mitte)
Twin towns[change | change source]
Spandau is twinned with
- Germany Siegen und Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein North Rhine-Westphalia(1952)
- United Kingdom Luton (1959)
- France Asniéres-sur-Seine (1959)
- Israel Ashdod (1968)
- Turkey Iznik (1968)
- Germany Nauen Brandenburg (1988)
Other websites[change | change source]
Media related to Spandau (district of Berlin) at Wikimedia Commons
- Official Homepage (in German)