Status epilepticus

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Status epilepticus (often simply called Status) is a life-threatening condition where the brain is in a constant state of epileptic seizure. It is a medical emergency. Definitions vary, but generally, a seizure that lasts five minutes or longer is considered to be a status epilepticus.[1] About ten to twenty percent of the people falling into this condition will die from it.[2] In the case the condition is handled well, people can survive with little or no brain damage.[3]

People in a status epilepticus are unable to end this seizure on their own, they are often unconscious and unable to react. The most common way to end a status is to inject specialized drugs. In the case these drugs do not help, the patient must be treated in the intensive care unit.

Causes[change | change source]

Status epilepticus is generally not linked to Epilepsy. Only about one in four people who suffer from a status epilepticus have epilepsy.[3] The status epilepticus can also occur for the following reasons, amongst others:

References[change | change source]

  1. Nair, PP; Kalita, J., Misra, U. K. (Jul–Sep 2011). "Status epilepticus: why, what, and how". Journal of Postgraduate Medicine 57 (3): 242–52. doi:10.4103/0022-3859.81807. PMID 21941070.
  2. Trinka, E; Höfler, J; Zerbs, A (September 2012). "Causes of status epilepticus.". Epilepsia 53 Suppl 4: 127–38. doi:10.1111/j.1528-1167.2012.03622.x. PMID 22946730.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Stasiukyniene, V.; Pilvinis, V.; Reingardiene, D.; Janauskaite, L. (2009). "[Epileptic seizures in critically ill patients]". Medicina (Kaunas) 45 (6): 501–7. PMID 19605972.