Cerebrovascular disease

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Cerebrovascular disease
Classification and external resources

Cerebrovascular disease, stroke or cerebrovascular accident,[1] is a vascular disease of the cerebral circulation. Arteries supplying oxygen to the brain are affected resulting in one of a number of cerebrovascular diseases. Most commonly this is a stroke or mini-stroke and sometimes can be a hemorrhagic stroke. Any of these can result in vascular dementia.[2]

Causes[change | change source]

Causes of cerebrovascular disease can be divided into: atherosclerosis, embolism, aneurysms, low flow states, and other rare causes.[3] Major modifiable risk factors include:[4]

Treatment[change | change source]

Treatment for cerebrovascular disease includes medication, lifestyle changes and surgery.[5]

Examples of medications are:

Surgical procedures include:

Notable cases[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "WHO | Stroke, Cerebrovascular accident". www.who.int. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
  2. "Vascular dementia - Causes - NHS Choices". www.nhs.uk. Retrieved 2015-09-01.
  3. Corporation, Surgisphere. Clinical Review of Surgery | ABSITE Review. Lulu.com. p. 146. ISBN 9780980210347.
  4. "Cerebrovascular disease - NHS Choices - Risks and prevention". www.nhs.uk. Retrieved 2015-09-01.
  5. "Stroke: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia". www.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2015-09-01.