Sukarno

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Ir. H. Sukarno
Soekarno.jpg
1st President of Indonesia
In office
18 August 1945 – 12 March 1967
Vice PresidentMohammad Hatta (until 1956)
Succeeded bySuharto
Personal details
Born(1901-06-06)June 6, 1901
Dutch East Indies Surabaya, Dutch East Indies
DiedJune 21, 1970(1970-06-21) (aged 69)
Jakarta, Indonesia
Cause of deathKidney failure
Resting placeBlitar, East Java
Political partyIndonesian National Party
Spouse(s)Fatmawati
ChildrenGuntur Sukarnoputra
Megawati Sukarnoputri
ParentsIda Ayu Nyoman Rai

Sukarno (6 June 1901 – 21 June 1970) was the first President of Indonesia. He helped the country win its independence from the Netherlands. He was President from 1945 to 1967, presiding with mixed success over the country's rough switch to independence. Sukarno was forced to resign by one of his generals, Suharto. Suharto formally became President in March 1967.

The spelling "Sukarno" has been official in Indonesia since 1947. It is still common to see the older spelling Soekarno, mainly because he signed his name with the old spelling. Official Indonesian presidential decrees from 1947-1968, however, printed his name using the 1947 spelling.

Indonesians also remember him as Bung Karno or Pak Karno.[1] Like many Javanese people, he had only one name; in religious contexts, he was occasionally referred to as 'Achmad Sukarno'.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. Bung is an Indonesian term of endearment similar to 'older brother', Pak is more formal, like 'sir' or 'father'.
  2. In Search of Achmad Sukarno Steven Drakeley, University of Western Sydney
Political offices
New title
Indonesian independence
President of Indonesia
18 August 1945 – 12 March 1967
Succeeded by
Suharto