Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic

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Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic

Таджикская Советская Социалистическая Республика
Ҷумҳурии Шӯравии Сотсиалистии Тоҷикистон
Республикаи Советии Социалистии Тоҷикистон
1929–1991
Motto: Пролетарҳои ҳамаи мамлакатҳо, як шавед! (Tajik)
Proletarhoji hamaji mamlakatho, jak şaved! (transliteration)
"Proletarians of all nations, unite!"
Anthem: Гимни Республикаи Советии Сотсиалистии Тоҷикистон
Gimni Respublikai Sovetiji Sotsialistiji Toçikiston
"Anthem of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic"


Location of Tajikistan (red) within the Soviet Union
Location of Tajikistan (red) within the Soviet Union
StatusSoviet Socialist Republic
Capital
and largest city
Dushanbea
Official languagesTajik · Russian
GovernmentUnitary Marxist-Leninist single-party Soviet socialist republic (1929–1990)
Unitary presidential republic (1990–1991)
Leader 
• 1929–1933 (first)
Mirza Davud Huseynov
• 1985–1991 (last)
Qahhor Mahkamov
Premier 
• 1929–1933 (first)
Abdurrahim Hojibayev
• 1986–1991 (last)
Izatullo Khayoyev
LegislatureSupreme Soviet
History 
• Union republic proclaimed
5 December 1929
• Name adopted
5 December 1936
12 February 1990
• Sovereignty declared
24 August 1990
• Renamed to the Republic of Tajikistan
31 August 1991
• Independence declared
9 September 1991
• Independence recognized
26 December 1991
Area
1989143,100 km2 (55,300 sq mi)
Population
• 1989
5,112,000
CurrencySoviet ruble (руб) (SUR)
Calling code7 377/379
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Tajik ASSR
Tajikistan
Today part ofTajikistan
China
  1. "Stalinabad" between 1929 and 1961.

The Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic (Tajik: Ҷумҳурии Шӯравии Сотсиалистии Тоҷикистон, Çumhuriji Şūraviji Sotsialistiji Toçikiston; Russian: Таджикская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Tadžikskaja Sovetskaja Socialističeskaja Respublika), also commonly known as Soviet Tajikistan and Tajik SSR, was one of the republics of the Soviet Union which lasted from 1929 to 1991.

Nowadays known as Tajikistan, which became a sovereign state after the fall of the Soviet Union, it is located in the southern mountaineous region of Central Asia.

The Tajik Republic was created on 5 December 1929 as a national place for the Tajik people within the Soviet Union. It succeeded the Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Tajik ASSR), which had been created on 14 October 1924 as a part of the mainly Turkic Uzbek SSR in the process of national delimitation in Soviet Central Asia. On 24 August 1990, the Tajik SSR declared sovereignty in its borders and was renamed the "Republic of Tajikistan" on 31 August 1991, then finally declaring independence from the Soviet Union just a bit more than a week after.

Just like modern-day Tajikistan, it was bordered by Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kirghizia to the north, and China to the east. Pakistan was to its south, separated by the narrow Wakhan Corridor.