Taurine

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Taurine
Taurine.svg
Taurine zwitterion ball.png
Taurine zwitterion spacefill.png
Other names 2-Aminoethanesulfonic acid
Tauric acid
Identifiers
CAS number 107-35-7
PubChem 1123
DrugBank DB01956
ChEBI CHEBI:15891
SMILES O=S(=O)(O)CCN
Properties
Molecular formula C2H7NO3S
Molar mass 125.13 g mol-1
Density 1.734 g/cm3 (at −173.15 °C)
Melting point

305.11 °C, 578 K, 581 °F

Acidity (pKa) <0, 9.06
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Taurine is an organic compound. It is up to 0.1% of total human body weight, and is a main constituent of bile. Taurine is essential for the heart, the skeletal muscles, the retina, and the nerves. The body makes it from the amino acid cysteine.

Taurine comes from the Latin /taurus/ which means bull or ox. It was first extracted it from ox bile in 1827.[1]

Food[change | change source]

Taurine is in fish and meat.[2][3][4] The daily intake is around 58 mg (range from 9 to 400 mg). It is low or negligible from a strict vegan diet. Taurine intake is generally less than 200 mg/day.[5]

Energy drinks[change | change source]

Synthetic taurine is used to make some "energy drinks". Many contain 1000 mg per serving,[6] and some as much as 2000 mg.[7]

References[change | change source]

  1. F. Tiedemann, L. Gmelin; Gmelin (1827). "Einige neue Bestandtheile der Galle des Ochsen". Annalen der Physik 85 (2): 326–37. doi:10.1002/andp.18270850214. 
  2. Bouckenooghe T, Remacle C, Reusens B (2006). "Is taurine a functional nutrient?". Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care 9 (6): 728–33. doi:10.1097/01.mco.0000247469.26414.55. PMID 17053427. 
  3. Brosnan J, Brosnan M (2006). "The sulfur-containing amino acids: an overview". J Nutr 136 (6 Suppl): 1636S–40S. PMID 16702333. 
  4. Huxtable RJ (1992). "Physiological actions of taurine". Physiol Rev 72 (1): 101–163. PMID 1731369. 
  5. "Opinion on Caffeine, Taurine and D-Glucurono — g -Lactone as constituents of so-called "energy" drinks". Directorate-General Health and Consumers, European Commission, European Union. 1999-01-21.
  6. rockstar69.com Original Rockstar Ingredients
  7. Chang, PL (2008-05-03). "Nos Energy Drink – Review". energyfanatics.com. Retrieved 2010-05-21.

Other websites[change | change source]