Tom Foley

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Tom Foley
Tom foley.jpg
Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
In office
June 6, 1989 – January 3, 1995
PresidentGeorge H. W. Bush
Bill Clinton
Preceded byJim Wright
Succeeded byNewt Gingrich
25th United States Ambassador to Japan
In office
November 19, 1997 – April 1, 2001
PresidentBill Clinton
George W. Bush
Preceded byWalter Mondale
Succeeded byHoward Baker
Majority Leader of the U.S. House of Representatives
In office
January 3, 1987 – June 6, 1989
DeputyTony Coelho
Preceded byJim Wright
Succeeded byDick Gephardt
Majority Whip of the U.S. House of Representatives
In office
January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1987
LeaderJim Wright
Preceded byJohn Brademas
Succeeded byTony Coelho
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's 5th district
In office
January 3, 1965 – January 3, 1995
Preceded byWalt Horan
Succeeded byGeorge Nethercutt
Personal details
BornThomas Stephen Foley
(1929-03-06)March 6, 1929
Spokane, Washington, U.S.
DiedOctober 18, 2013(2013-10-18) (aged 84)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Heather Strachan
Alma materGonzaga University
University of Washington, Seattle
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Thomas Stephen "Tom" Foley (March 6, 1929 – October 18, 2013) was an American lawyer and politician from the state of Washington. He served as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives under George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton.

Early life[change | change source]

Foley was born in Spokane, Washington. In 1946, he graduated from the Jesuit-run Gonzaga Preparatory School in Spokane. [1] He went on to attend Gonzaga University in Spokane and the University of Washington in Seattle, the latter awarding him a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1951. In 1957, he earned a law degree from the same university.

Career[change | change source]

He was the 57th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1989 to 1995. He represented Washington's 5th congressional district for 30 years as a Democratic member from 1965 to 1995.

Foley was the first Speaker of the House since 1862 to be defeated in a re-election campaign for Congress. He served as the United States Ambassador to Japan from 1997 to 2001 under Bill Clinton.

He is sometimes viewed as a political casualty of the term limits controversy of the early 1990s. President Bill Clinton attributed his defeat to his support for the Assault Weapons Ban of 1994.[2]

Personal life[change | change source]

Foley was married to Heather Strachan until his death in 2013.

In 1997, Foley was appointed as the 25th U.S. Ambassador to Japan by President Bill Clinton.[3] He served as ambassador until 2001.

Foley was a Washington delegate to the 2000 Democratic National Convention.

On July 9, 2003, Washington Governor Gary Locke awarded the Washington Medal of Merit, the state's highest honor, to Foley.

He was North American Chairman of the Trilateral Commission.[4]

Death[change | change source]

Foley died at his home in Washington, D.C. on October 18, 2013, following months of hospice care from complications from a stroke, aged 84.[5][6] Speaker John Boehner, and Nancy Pelosi, who also served as Speaker, issued statements honoring Foley.[7]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Fact Sheet Eagle Scouts". Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved 3 March 2008.
  2. "My Life". Vintage. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
  3. Commentary: "Is Tom Foley the Wrong Man to Send to Tokyo?" BusinessWeek. May 12, 1997; Wudunn, Sheryl. "New U.S. Diplomat Tries to Speak Japan's Language," New York Times. April 8, 1998.
  4. Trilateral Commission: Foley, bio notes
  5. "Tom Foley, former speaker of the US House, dies at age 84". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved 2013-10-18.
  6. "Former Speaker of the House Tom Foley dies at 84 - Spokesman.com - Oct. 18, 2013". Spokesman.com. 2013-10-18. Retrieved 2013-10-18.
  7. Tom Kludt (October 18, 2013). "Boehner, Pelosi Pay Tribute To Former Speaker Foley". Talkingpointsmemo.com. Retrieved 2013-10-18.