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2017 United Kingdom general election

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2017 United Kingdom general election

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List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 2017 →

All 650 seats in the House of Commons
326[n 1] seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Turnout68.8% (Increase2.5%)[1]
  First party Second party
Leader Theresa May Jeremy Corbyn
Party Conservative Labour
Leader's seat Maidenhead Islington North
Last election 330 seats, 36.9% 232 seats, 30.4%
Seats won 317* 262
Seat change Decrease13 Increase30
Popular vote 13,636,684 12,878,460
Percentage 42.4% 40.0%
Swing Increase5.5% Increase9.6%

  Third party Fourth party
Leader Nicola Sturgeon Tim Farron
Party SNP Liberal Democrats
Leader's seat Did not stand[n 2] Westmorland and Lonsdale
Last election 56 seats, 4.7% 8 seats, 7.9%
Seats won 35 12
Seat change Decrease21 Increase4
Popular vote 977,569 2,371,910
Percentage 3.0% 7.4%
Swing Decrease1.7% Decrease0.5%

A map of UK parliamentary constituencies
* Figure does not include the Speaker of the House of Commons John Bercow, who was included in the Conservative seat total by some media outlets.

Prime Minister before election

Theresa May

Prime Minister after election

Theresa May

A general election was held on the 8 June 2017 to elect all 650 members of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. It ended in a hung parliament, with the Conservative Party winning the most seats. They made a confidence-and-supply agreement with the Democratic Unionist Party so they could pass a vote of no confidence. Theresa May stayed as prime minister.[2]

Labour won a lot of seats from the Conservatives. This was the first time Labour had gained seats since 1997. The election happened because Parliament voted for a snap election after the 2016 Brexit referendum.[3]

Date[change | change source]

The next general election was due to be held on 8 May 2020. Theresa May announced on 18 April 2017 that she wanted it to be held on 8 June .[4] The House of Commons voted in favour of this proposal on 19 April 2017[4] allowing the election to take place in June 2017.

Results[change | change source]

Exit poll[change | change source]

BBC News, ITV and Sky News all released an exit poll at 10pm. This poll predicted the Conservatives would be the largest party but lose their majority. Exit poll results:

  • Conservative Party - 314
  • Labour Party - 266
  • Scottish National Party - 34
  • Liberal Democrats - 14
  • Plaid Cymru - 3
  • Green Party - 1
  • UK Independence Party - 0
  • Others - 18

Final results[change | change source]

The final results were very similar to the exit poll.

  • Conservative Party - 317 (down 13 seats)
  • Labour Party - 262 (up 30 seats)
  • Scottish National Party - 35 (down 21 seats)
  • Liberal Democrats - 12 (up 4 seats)
  • Plaid Cymru - 3 (no change)
  • Green Party - 1 (no change)
  • United Kingdom Independence Party - 0 (down 1 seat)
  • Others - 18

When the election was called the Conservative Party had a big lead in the polls and they were expected to win by a landslide. As the campaign went on the Labour Party closed the gap in the polls and the Conservatives lost their majority in the House of Commons.[5]

Important MPs who lost their seats include former Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg, former First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond and The leader of the SNP in the House of Commons Angus Robertson.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Given that Sinn Féin MPs do not take their seats and the Speaker and deputies do not vote, the number of MPs needed for a majority is, in practice, slightly lower. Sinn Féin won 7 seats, meaning a practical majority requires at least 320 MPs.
  2. Nicola Sturgeon sits as an MSP in the Scottish Parliament for Glasgow Southside. Before the election, the SNP delegation to the House of Commons had been led by Angus Robertson, MP for Moray, who lost his seat. Ian Blackford, MP for Ross, Skye and Lochaber, succeeded him.

References[change | change source]

  1. "General Election 2017: full results and analysis". UK Parliament. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  2. "Confidence and Supply Agreement between the Conservative Party and the DUP" (PDF). assets.publishing.service.gov.uk.
  3. McAuley, James (9 June 2017). "After shocking British vote result, Europe ponders fate of Brexit negotiations". Washington Post. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Theresa May seeks general election". BBC News. 18 April 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  5. "UK election 2017: Conservatives 'to fall short of majority'". bbc.com. BBC. Retrieved 9 June 2017.