|Eastern and Northern Europe, North Asia, Siberia|
|Linguistic classification:||One of the world's major language families (possibly Uralo-Siberian family)|
There are two modern main kinds: the Samoyedic languages and the Finno-Ugric languages.
Origin[change | change source]
The proto-Uralic languages and the early Uralic people originated somwhere in eastern Siberia or possibly Northeast Asia. They were closely related to other Siberian and East Asian but also Inuit people. They migrated into central Siberia and than about 3,000 years ago started to migrate to the Baltic region in northeastern Europe. They assimilated many Paleo-European tribes. Genetic and anthropologic studies show that the early Uralic people were similar to various Siberian and East Asian people (Mongoloids).
External relations[change | change source]
Several linguists and geneticists suggest that the Uralic languages are related to various Siberian languages and possibly also some languages of northern Native Americans. A proposed family is named Uralo-Siberian. It includes Uralic, Yukaghir, Eskimo–Aleut (Inuit), possibly Nivkh and Chukotko-Kamchatkan.
List of Uralic languages[change | change source]
- Finno-Ugric languages
- Janhunen, Juha (2009). ""Proto-Uralic—what, where and when?" (PDF).
- Saag, Lehti; Laneman, Margot; Varul, Liivi; Malve, Martin; Valk, Heiki; Razzak, Maria A.; Shirobokov, Ivan G.; Khartanovich, Valeri I. et al. (2019-05-20). "The Arrival of Siberian Ancestry Connecting the Eastern Baltic to Uralic Speakers Further East". Current biology : CB 29 (10): 1701–1711.e16. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2019.04.026. ISSN 0960-9822. PMC 6544527. PMID 31080083. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6544527/.
- Tambets, Kristiina; Yunusbayev, Bayazit; Hudjashov, Georgi; Ilumäe, Anne-Mai; Rootsi, Siiri; Honkola, Terhi; Vesakoski, Outi; Atkinson, Quentin et al. (2018-09-21). "Genes reveal traces of common recent demographic history for most of the Uralic-speaking populations". Genome Biology 19 (1): 139. doi:10.1186/s13059-018-1522-1. ISSN 1474-760X. PMC PMC6151024. PMID 30241495. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13059-018-1522-1.
- Fóthi, Erzsébet; Gonzalez, Angéla; Fehér, Tibor; Gugora, Ariana; Fóthi, Ábel; Biró, Orsolya; Keyser, Christine (2020-01-14). "Genetic analysis of male Hungarian Conquerors: European and Asian paternal lineages of the conquering Hungarian tribes" (in en). Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 12 (1): 31. doi:10.1007/s12520-019-00996-0. ISSN 1866-9565. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-019-00996-0.
- "Indigenous Languages of Siberia: An Overview". Languages Of The World. 2014-10-09. Retrieved 2020-01-22.