Urho Kekkonen

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Urho Kekkonen
Urho Kekkonen in 1959
8th President of Finland
In office
1 March 1956 – 27 January 1982
Preceded by Juho Kusti Paasikivi
Succeeded by Mauno Koivisto
Prime Minister of Finland
In office
20 October 1954 – 3 March 1956
President Juho Kusti Paasikivi
Preceded by Ralf Törngren
Succeeded by Karl-August Fagerholm
In office
17 March 1950 – 17 November 1953
President Juho Kusti Paasikivi
Preceded by Karl-August Fagerholm
Succeeded by Sakari Tuomioja
Personal details
Born 3 September 1900(1900-09-03)
Pielavesi, Finland, Russian Empire
Died 31 August 1986(1986-08-31) (aged 85)
Helsinki, Finland
Nationality Finnish
Political party Agrarian League 1933–1965: Centre Party 1965–1982
Spouse(s) Sylvi Salome Uino
Children Matti, Taneli
Residence Tamminiemi
Alma mater University of Helsinki
Profession Lawyer, police officer, journalist
Religion Lutheranism

Urho Kaleva Kekkonen (September 3 1900August 31 1986) was the President of Finland between 1956 and 1982. He was also Prime Minister of Finland before that.

Kekkonen was born in Pielavesi. He took part of the Finnish Civil War. He studied law and then worked in the Finnish secret police. He opposed the Communists and later fascists.

Kekkonen became the Interior Minister in 1937, and he then tried to ban the fascist party IKL.

After Second World War, in the year 1950 Kekkonen became the first time Prime Minister of Finland. He tried to keep good relations with the Soviet Union like president Juho Kusti Paasikivi.

The foreign policy doctrine established by Paasikivi and Kekkonen, The "Paasikivi-Kekkonen line", aimed at Finland's survival as an independent sovereign, democratic, and capitalist country in the immediate proximity of the Soviet Union.[1]

Kekkonen was elected the President of Finland in 1956, after president Paasikivi. He tried to keep Finland neutral country, which means it was not part of any military alliance like NATO or Warsaw Pact in Cold War.

Urho Kekkonen led the underwriting of the Helsinki Accords of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe between European countries, United States and Soviet Union in 1975.

Kekkonen became sick in 1981 and gave up the presidency.

He died in 1986, aged 86.

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