Valle d'Aosta

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Aosta Valley
Valle d'Aosta - Vallée d'Aoste
Region of Italy
Flag of Aosta Valley
Flag
Coat of arms of Aosta Valley
Coat of arms
Aosta Valley in Italy.svg
Country Italy
Capital Aosta
Government
 • President Augusto Rollandin (Valdotanian Union)
Area
 • Total 3,260.90 km2 (1,259.04 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2017)[1]
 • Total 126,883
 • Density 38.91042/km2 (100.7775/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
GDP/ Nominal €4.3[2] billion (2010)
GDP per capita €30,300[3] (2008)
NUTS Region ITC (Northwestern Italy)
Website www.regione.vda.it

Valle d'Aosta (Italian: Valle d'Aosta (official) or Val d'Aosta (usual), French: Vallée d'Aoste (official) or Val d'Aoste (usual)) is a mountainous region in northwestern Italy. In English is common to call it Aosta Valley.

The region has two official name: Regione Autonoma Valle d'Aosta (in Italian) and Région Autonome Vallée d'Aoste (in French). The capital is Aosta.

This is the smallest region in Italy with an area of 3,260.9 km2 (1,259.0 sq mi),[4] and a population of about 126,883.[1] It is the only Italian region which has no provinces. The regional government has taken all the administrative functions of a province.[5] The region is divided into 74 comuni.

Limits[change | change source]

It limits to the north with Switzerland (Canton Valais), to the west with France (region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes), to the south and east with the Italian region of Piedmont.

Geography[change | change source]

The Valle d'Aosta is a small valley, the valley of the Dora Baltea river, with some smaller side valleys, in the middle of the Alps, surrounded by four of the tallest mountains throughout Italy and Europe:[6]

  1. Mont Blanc; height: 4,810 m (15,781 ft) (45°50′01″N 6°51′54″E / 45.83361°N 6.86500°E / 45.83361; 6.86500 (Mont Blanc)), the highest mountain in the Alps.
  2. Matterhorn (German), Monte Cervino (Italian) or Mont Cervin (French); height: 4,478 m (14,692 ft) (45°58′35″N 7°39′30″E / 45.97639°N 7.65833°E / 45.97639; 7.65833 (Matterhorn))
  3. Monte Rosa; height: 4,634 m (15,203 ft) (45°56′12.6″N 7°52′01.4″E / 45.936833°N 7.867056°E / 45.936833; 7.867056 (Monte Rosa Massif)), the second highest mountain in the Alps.
  4. Gran Paradiso; height: 4,061 m (13,323 ft) (45°32′0″N 7°16′0″E / 45.53333°N 7.26667°E / 45.53333; 7.26667 (Gran Paradiso)).

In the Valle d'Aosta, a region with many mountainous and close to borders with other countries, the mountain passes are very important. Even if now there some tunnels, they are important not only from a historical and geographical perspective, but also traditional and tourism.

The main mountain passes between the Val d'Aosta and other valleys are:

  • The Little St Bernard Pass (French: Col du Petit Saint-Bernard; Italian: Colle del Piccolo San Bernardo), between Savoie, France and the Valle d'Aosta;
  • The Great St Bernard Pass (French: Col du Grand Saint-Bernard; Italian: Colle del Gran San Bernardo), between Valais, Switzerland and the Valle d'Aosta;.

The southern part of the territory is occupied by the Gran Paradiso National Park, created in 1922 to protect plants and animals in danger of extinction.

The valleys were made by glaciers moving at a time when the entire region was covered by them. Currently, glaciers occupy only the highest peaks.

The Dora Baltea (French: Doire Baltée) river flows along the whole Valle d'Aosta, from the northwest to the southeast; it is 160 km (99 mi) long and is a tributary of the Po river.

Mountain Communities[change | change source]

Map of Valle d'Aosta (in French).

The 74 comuni - with the exception of Aosta - of the Valle d'Aosta are organized in mountain communities (Italian: 'Comunità montane', French: 'Communautés de montagne'). There are 8 mountain communities:[7]

Mountain Community Capital Comuni
Evançon Verrès  9
Grand Combin Gignod 11
Grand Paradis Villeneuve 13
Mont Emilius Quart 10
Mont Rose Pont-Saint-Martin  9
Monte Cervino Châtillon 12
Valdigne Mont Blanc La Salle  5
Walser - Alta Valle del Lys Issime  4

Comuni with higher populations[change | change source]

The 10 comuni of the Valle d'Aosta with the higher populations (January 2017) are:

No. City Population[1]
(2017)
Area[8]
(km2)
Density
(inh./km2)
Altitude[8]
(m)
1 Aosta 34,361 21.39 1,606.4 583
2 Sarre 4,887 28.28 172.8 625
3 Châtillon 4,753 39.68 119.8 549
4 Saint-Vincent 4,620 20.57 224.6 575
5 Quart 4,061 62.05 65.4 535
6 Pont-Saint-Martin 3,833 6.92 553.9 345
7 Saint-Christophe 3,441 14.74 233.4 619
8 Gressan 3,398 25.30 134.3 626
9 Saint-Pierre 3,191 26.18 121.9 676
10 Nus 2,979 57.36 51.9 529

People[change | change source]

A person from the Valle d'Aosta is called a Valdotian (Italian: Valdostano/a, French: Valdôtain).

Population[change | change source]

The total population of Valle d'Aosta in 1 January 2017 was 126,883, of which 61,976 were male and 64,907 were female.[1]

Evolution of the population in the Aosta Valley

Languages[change | change source]

Italian and French are the region's official languages[9] and are used for the regional government's acts and laws, though Italian is much more widely spoken in everyday life. Of the population of the valley 96% speaks Italian as either a first or second language. Of the population 70% speaks French as either first or second language.[10] School education is given equally in both Italian and French.[9]

The regional language is a dialect of Franco-Provençal called Valdôtain (locally, patois). It is spoken as native tongue and as second language by about 58% of the population, according to a poll taken by the Fondation Émile Chanoux in 2002. The residents of the villages of Gressoney-Saint-Jean, Gressoney-La-Trinité and Issime, in the Lys Valley, speak two dialects of Walser German origin called Titsch and Töitschu respectively.[10]

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT" (in Italian). Demo.istat.it. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  2. "Eurostat - Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface (TGM) table". Epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  3. EUROPA - Press Releases - Regional GDP per inhabitant in 2008 GDP per inhabitant ranged from 28% of the EU27 average in Severozapaden in Bulgaria to 343% in Inner London
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named area.
  5. http://www.camera.it/_dati/leg13/lavori/bollet/200007/0718/pdf/06.pdf
  6. "Giants of the Alps". Valle d'Aosta official tourism website. 5 October 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  7. "Comunità montane" (in Italian). Regione Autonoma Valle d'Aosta - Sito Ufficiale. Retrieved 10 June 2013. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Comuni valdostani per popolazione" (in Italian). Tuttitalia.it. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Statuto speciale per la Valle d'Aosta". La francophonie dans le monde (in French). 2013. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Val d'Aoste". La francophonie dans le monde (in French). 2013. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 

Other websites[change | change source]