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Video games usually come on CDs, DVDs or digital download. Many games used to come on cartridges. A specialised device used to play a video game at home is called a console. There have been many types of consoles and home computers used to play video games. Some of the first were the Atari 2600, the Sega Master System and Nintendo Entertainment System in the 1980s. Newer video game consoles are the Xbox One, PlayStation 4, and Wii U. The best selling video game console of all time is the PlayStation 2, made by Sony.
People can also use PCs to play games, which are sometimes called PC games. The older consoles do not have new games developed for them often, although console games are emulated for PCs (see emulator). This means that new computers can play many old console games along with games made just for new computers. Older games are often more popular emulated than when they were first on sale, because of the ease of download.
People can play portable video games anywhere. Mobile devices (running operating systems such as iOS or Android) also can download games, making them portable game machines. Mobile phones have many games, some of them using a mobile emulator for games from consoles.
Competitions of video game players are called electronic sports.
Current generation consoles[change | change source]
- The Xbox One came out in November 2013. It is the newest version of the Xbox series, which is made by the American company Microsoft. It replaced the Xbox 360 and offers a similar online experience and controller, but with improved graphics. Like the original and 360 versions, it also allows people to put music from an MP3 player or other sources onto the system. It was the last of the 8th generation consoles to come out.
- The PlayStation 4 (PS4) came out in November 2013. It is the newest of the PlayStation game consoles from Sony Computer Entertainment, a division of the Japanese company Sony. It also has better graphics and online gameplay. Like its previous model, the PS3, the PS4 can play movies, music, and browse the internet.
- Nintendo, another Japanese company, has made many video game consoles over the years. One of its most recent was the Wii U in November 2012. It is the first console from Nintendo with high-definition graphics. Like the original Wii which came before it, it has a unique controller. Its controller is shaped like a tablet computer with ordinary controller buttons around the edges of the screen.
Current hand held consoles[change | change source]
Also in 2004, Nintendo released the Dual Screen (DS), which has two separate screens, one of which is a touchscreen. New versions came out in later years, such as the Nintendo DSi in 2008 and the Nintendo DSi XL the next year. The Nintendo 3DS, the first handheld console with 3D graphics, came out in 2011. The 2DS followed in 2013. The latest model in the DS series, the New 3DS XL, was released in 2015. It is similar to the 3DS but with updated graphical capabilities.
In March 2017, Nintendo began selling a new console called the Nintendo Switch, which looks like a tablet computer but can also be plugged into a TV. It is the first example of a "hybrid console" that can be used as both as a TV-based model and a handheld device.
History of video games[change | change source]
The first video game ever is often said to be a computer game called Spacewar!. In fact, some ideas of video games can be found before people made Spacewar!.
In the 1950s, when the first computers began to be made, three people had some ideas to create the basis of actual video games. In 1951, Ralph Baer, an American engineer of Loral Electronics, tried to create "the best television", proposing to add a gaming module, but his employer did not like his idea. Even if his idea was never realized, he is the first man to have thought of the idea of video games, later creating the first video game console, the Odyssey. Later, in 1952, A.S Douglas, of the Cambridge University in the UK, made a video game on a computer in order to illustrate one of his speeches. The game, called OXO, was a tic-tac-toe game, with two players (the person itself and the opponent, the computer) .In 1953, Willy Higinbotham made a game called Tennis For Two, similar to the later Pong, to entertain visitors to Brookhaven National Laboratory.
One of the most famous and one of the earliest video games ever is called Space Invaders. Space Invaders was made in 1978 as a coin operated arcade game but a version has been made for almost every game console and home computer ever available.