Water buffalo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Domestic Asian Water buffalo
Domestic Asian Water buffaloes at a ranch in Arkansas, USA
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Bovinae
Tribe: Bovini
Genus: Bubalus
Species: B. bubalis
Binomial name
Bubalus bubalis
(Linnaeus, 1758)

Water buffalos are a kind of bovine. There are Wild Asian Water Buffalos and domestic buffalos or domestic Asian water buffalo. They are bred in Asia, South America and Southern Europe. They were bred from the Wild Asian Water Buffalo, which is now an endangered species.

Today, these buffalos are used for their milk, which has more fat than that of cows. The milk is processed to make Mozzarella, and curd. Feral populations are sometimes used to manage uncontrolled growth of vegetation around wetlands. They will simply graze it off. This keeps such bodies of water usable by birds and other wildlife[1][2].

Females normally give birth to calves every other year. Young bulls usually stay with herds of mothers, which have about 30 buffalo, for three years after birth.[3] They then go on to form small all-male herds.[3]

Water buffalo have been kept by humans for more than 5,000 years.[3] They have helped humans with their meat, horns, hides, milk, butterfat, and power, plowing and transporting people and crops.[3]

Wild water buffalo are endangered.[3] They live only in a small number of protected areas in countries like India, Nepal, Bhutan, and Thailand.[3]

References[change | edit source]