Gambit

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A Gambit is a chess opening involving a Sacrifice. In these openings a player, usually White, sacrifices (gives away) a pawn or more. The usual reason is to develop faster, and get an attack against the black king. An example:

Evans Gambit[change | edit source]

Evans Gambit
Start of chess board.
a8 black rook b8 __ c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 __ g8 black knight h8 black rook
a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn
a6 __ b6 __ c6 black knight d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __
a5 black bishop b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __
a4 __ b4 __ c4 white bishop d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __
a3 __ b3 white queen c3 black pawn d3 __ e3 __ f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __
a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn
a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 __ e1 __ f1 white rook g1 white king h1 __
End of chess board.


1.e4 e5
2.Nf3 Nc6
3.Bc4 Bc5
4.b4 Bxb4
5.c3 Ba5
6.d4 exd4
7.0-0 dxc3
8.Qb3 and White has a serious attack for the pawns. 4.b4 is the Evans Gambit.



Benko Gambit[change | edit source]

In modern times gambits are usually not for direct attacks on the king. They aim at 'positional' advantages, such as freer play for the pieces. A well-known example is the Benko Gambit:


Benko Gambit
Start of chess board.
a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 __ d8 black queen e8 __ f8 black rook g8 black king h8 __
a7 __ b7 __ c7 __ d7 __ e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black bishop h7 black pawn
a6 black bishop b6 __ c6 __ d6 black pawn e6 __ f6 black knight g6 black pawn h6 __
a5 __ b5 __ c5 black pawn d5 white pawn e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __
a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __
a3 __ b3 __ c3 white knight d3 __ e3 __ f3 white knight g3 white pawn h3 __
a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white bishop h2 white pawn
a1 white rook b1 __ c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 __ f1 white rook g1 white king h1 __
End of chess board.
1.d4 Nf6
2.c4 c5
3.d5 b5
4.cxb5 a6
5.bxa6 Bxa6
6.Nc3 d6
7.Nf3 g6
8.g3 Bg7
9.Bg2 0-0

In return for his pawn, Black gets open lines for his bishops and his rook on a8.