Rook (chess)

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Chess pieces
Chess kdt45.svg King Chess klt45.svg
Chess qdt45.svg Queen Chess qlt45.svg
Chess rdt45.svg Rook Chess rlt45.svg
Chess bdt45.svg Bishop Chess blt45.svg
Chess ndt45.svg Knight Chess nlt45.svg
Chess pdt45.svg Pawn Chess plt45.svg

A rook (from Persian رخ rokh) is a piece in the board game of chess. Its name derives from its name in the old IndoArabic game (see History of chess). Each player starts the game with two rooks. When recording games, it is shortened to R, and when printed a figurine is used.

Starting place and moving[change | change source]

Moves of the rook
Start of chess board.
a8 __ b8 __ c8 __ d8 cross e8 __ f8 __ g8 __ h8 __
a7 __ b7 __ c7 __ d7 cross e7 __ f7 __ g7 __ h7 __
a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 cross e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __
a5 cross b5 cross c5 cross d5 black rook e5 cross f5 cross g5 cross h5 cross
a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 cross e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __
a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 cross e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __
a2 __ b2 __ c2 __ d2 cross e2 __ f2 __ g2 __ h2 __
a1 __ b1 __ c1 __ d1 cross e1 __ f1 __ g1 __ h1 __
End of chess board.

In chess notation, the white rooks start on the a1 and h1 squares, and the black rooks start on the a8 and h8 squares.

The rook moves forward or back on the files through any number of squares without other pieces on them, and sideways on the ranks. This is shown in the diagram below. Like other pieces, it captures by going into the square on which an enemy piece stands.

The rook and king also take part in a special move called castling.

A chess castling move
A Staunton pattern rook