Ruy Lopez

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The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening, is an ancient chess opening. It is named after the Spanish clerk Ruy Lopez who invented the method. These are the opening moves:

  • 1. e4 e5
  • 2. Nf3 Nc6
  • 3. Bb5

The Ruy Lopez is one of the most common and well liked openings, with many ways to play it. It has always been popular in master chess. Something to know about it is that it does not threaten the black e5 pawn:

  • 3.... a6
  • 4.Bxc6 dxc6
  • 5.Nxe5 Qd4 recovers the pawn.

For this reason White usually plays a longer-term strategy, starting

  • 3.... a6
  • 4.Ba4
  • ECO code: C60–C99. ECO is the Encyclopaedia of chess openings.