John C. Breckinridge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
John Cabell Breckinridge
14th Vice President of the United States
In office
March 4, 1857 – March 4, 1861
President James Buchanan
Preceded by William R. King
Succeeded by Hannibal Hamlin
Personal details
Born January 16, 1821(1821-01-16)
Lexington, Kentucky
Died May 17, 1875(1875-05-17) (aged 54)
Lexington, Kentucky
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Mary Cyrene Burch Breckinridge

John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821May 17, 1875) was a lawyer, Representative, Senator for the United States and the Vice President of the United States. He was from Kentucky. He served in the House from 1851 to 1855. He served as Vice-President from 1857 to 1861, under James Buchanan. Breckinridge is the youngest vice president in U.S. history, starting at age 36.

Breckinridge was also a Southern Democratic candidate for President in 1860. In the election of 1860, the Democratic Party split, with Southerners voting for Breckinridge and Northerners voting for Stephen Douglas. He carried most of the Southern states, but lost to Abraham Lincoln.

When the South seceded, Breckinridge was briefly a U.S. Senator from Kentucky, but was kicked out of the Senate. After that, he became active in the Confederacy. During the American Civil War, he was a general in the Confederate States Army. He fought in Tennessee and the Shenandoah Valley. He was the Confederate commander at the Battle of New Market. Breckinridge was the last Confederate Secretary of War. After the war, Breckinridge left the country for four years. He returned to Kentucky in 1869 and died in 1875.