List of defunct and relocated National Hockey League teams

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This is a list of teams that once played in the National Hockey League but no longer exist. This includes franchises which have moved to different cities. The years of operation only reflect the time in which that team was in the NHL; it does not take into account any time in which the franchise operated in another league (such as the World Hockey Association).

Defunct and relocated teams[change | change source]

First First year in the NHL
Last Last year in the NHL
W–L–T–OT Win–loss–tie–overtime record
Win% Winning percentage
PA NHL (1918–1926) / Stanley Cup playoff (1927–) appearances
SC Stanley Cup wins
* Denotes active franchise
Team First Last Relocated to Seasons W–L–T–OT Win% PA SC Reason for relocation/disbandment Reference
Montreal Wanderers 1917 1918[g] &10000000000000000000000Defunct 1 &100000000000000010000001–5–0 .167 0 0 Lack of available players due to World War I[1] [2]
Quebec Athletic Club 1919 1920 Hamilton Tigers 1 &100000000000000040000004–20–0 .167 0 0 Sold to a Hamilton-based company[3] [4]
Hamilton Tigers 1920 1925 &10000000000000000000000Defunct 5 &1000000000000004700000047–78–1 .377 0 0 Ceased due to players' strike; players were bought by the New York Americans.[5] [6]
Pittsburgh Pirates[a] 1925 1930 Philadelphia Quakers 5 &1000000000000006700000067–122–23 .370 2 0 Financial struggle during the Great Depression[7] [8]
Philadelphia Quakers 1930 1931 &10000000000000000000000Defunct 1 &100000000000000040000004–36–4 .136 0 0 Financial struggle during the Great Depression[7] [9]
Ottawa Senators[b] 1917 1934 St. Louis Eagles 16[h] &10000000000000258000000258–221–63 .534 9 4 Financial struggle during the Great Depression[10] [11]
St. Louis Eagles 1934 1935 &10000000000000000000000Defunct 1 &1000000000000001100000011–31–6 .292 0 0 Financial struggle during the Great Depression[12] [13]
Montreal Maroons 1924 1938 &10000000000000000000000Defunct 14 &10000000000000271000000271–260–91 .509 11 2 Financial struggle during the Great Depression[14] [15]
Brooklyn Americans[c] 1925 1942 &10000000000000000000000Defunct 17 &10000000000000255000000255–402–127 .406 5 0 Financial struggle, plus lack of players due to World War II; formally ceased in 1946.[16] [17]
California Golden Seals[d] 1967 1976 Cleveland Barons 9 &10000000000000182000000182–401–115 .343 2 0 In search of better financial conditions; Cleveland is the hometown of minority owner George Gund III.[18] [19]
Kansas City Scouts 1974 1976 Colorado Rockies 2 &1000000000000002700000027–110–23 .241 0 0 Financial struggle; sold to a group of investors with the intention to move.[20] [21]
Cleveland Barons 1976 1978 Minnesota North Stars (merge) 2 &1000000000000004700000047–87–26 .375 0 0 Both teams with financial struggle[22] [19]
Atlanta Flames 1972 1980 Calgary Flames* 8 &10000000000000268000000268–260–108 .506 6 0 Financial struggle; sold to Nelson Skalbania with the intention to move to Calgary.[23] [24]
Colorado Rockies[e] 1976 1982 New Jersey Devils* 6 &10000000000000113000000113–281–86 .325 0 0 Sold to John McMullen; New Jersey is the home state of McMullen.[25] [21]
Minnesota North Stars 1967 1993 Dallas Stars* 26 &10000000000000758000000758–970–334 .449 17 0 In search of better financial conditions[26][27] [28]
Quebec Nordiques 1979 1995 Colorado Avalanche* 16 &10000000000000497000000497–599–160 .459 9 0 Financial struggle; sold to a Denver-based group.[29] [30]
Winnipeg Jets[f] 1979 1996 Phoenix Coyotes* 17 &10000000000000506000000506–660–172 .442 11 0 Sold to a group of investors with the intention to move in search of better financial conditions.[31] [32]
Hartford Whalers 1979 1997 Carolina Hurricanes* 18 &10000000000000534000000534–709–177 .438 8 0 In search of better financial conditions[33] [34]
Atlanta Thrashers 1999 2011 Winnipeg Jets* 11 &10000000000000342000000342–437–45–78 .447 1 0 Financial struggle; sold to a Winnipeg-based company.[35] [36]

Notes[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. McFarlane, Brian. "Early Leagues and the Birth of the NHL". National Hockey League. http://capitals.nhl.com/club/page.htm?bcid=his_EarlyLeagues. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  2. "Montreal Wanderers Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/MTW/. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  3. Holzman 2002, p. 230
  4. "Quebec Bulldogs Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/QBC/. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  5. Pincus 2006, p. 35
  6. "Hamilton Tigers Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/HAM/. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Bouchette, Ed (May 2, 1999). "Ice Age". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. http://www.post-gazette.com/sports_headlines/19990502hockey4.asp. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  8. "Pittsburgh Pirates Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/PTP/. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  9. "Philadelphia Quakers Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/PHQ/. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  10. "No NHL Hockey Team for Ottawa Next Winter". The Ottawa Evening Citizen: p. 1. April 7, 1934.
  11. "Ottawa Senators Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/OTS/. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  12. "St Louis Out of Title Hunt: League Buys Franchise Splits Players Among Remaining Eight Clubs". Leader-Post. October 16, 1935. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=T3lTAAAAIBAJ&sjid=OTgNAAAAIBAJ&pg=1637,5205364&dq=st-louis-eagles+eighteen&hl=en. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
  13. "St. Louis Eagles Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/STE/. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  14. Coleman, Charles L. (1969). The Trail of the Stanley Cup, Vol II. Progressive Publications.
  15. "Montreal Maroons Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/MTM/. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  16. McFarlane 1990, p. 43
  17. "New York Americans Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/NYA/. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  18. Bass, Alan (2011). The Great Expansion: The Ultimate Risk That Changed the NHL Forever. p. 83. ISBN 1450286054 .
  19. 19.0 19.1 "Cleveland Barons Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/CLE/. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  20. "Scout Move Almost Complete". Leader-Post. Associated Press. July 16, 1976. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=_DdVAAAAIBAJ&sjid=Hz4NAAAAIBAJ&pg=1000,69419. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
  21. 21.0 21.1 "New Jersey Devils Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/NJD/. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  22. McFarlane 1990, p. 163
  23. "Flames Sold, To Move to Calgary". The Palm Beach Post. May 24, 1980. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=lwAtAAAAIBAJ&sjid=mM0FAAAAIBAJ&pg=3822,3502982&dq=atlanta+flames+sold+to+calgary&hl=en. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
  24. "Calgary Flames Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/CGY/. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  25. McFarlane 1990, p. 206
  26. Montville, Leigh (April 19, 1993). "Spleen for Green". Sports Illustrated. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/article/magazine/MAG1138154/3/index.htm. Retrieved May 12, 2011.
  27. "The 35 Biggest Moments in Modern Dallas History". D Magazine. December 16, 2009. http://www.dmagazine.com/Home/D_Magazine/2010/January/The_35_Biggest_Moments_in_Modern_Dallas_History_11.aspx. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  28. "Dallas Stars Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/DAL/. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  29. Deacon, James (June 5, 1995). "Nordiques Move to Colorado". Maclean's. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=M1ARTM0010425. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  30. "Colorado Avalanche Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/COL/. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  31. "Phoenix isn't only city interested in Winnipeg Jets". The Daily Courier. December 3, 1995. p. 2B. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=FhsOAAAAIBAJ&sjid=kn0DAAAAIBAJ&pg=6918,308177&hl=en. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  32. "Phoenix Coyotes Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/PHX/. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  33. Rabinovitz, Jonathan (March 27, 1997). "Another Blow to Hartford: Whalers to Leave, Rejecting Arena Offer". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1997/03/27/nyregion/another-blow-to-hartford-whalers-to-leave-rejecting-arena-offer.html?pagewanted=3&src=pm. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  34. "Carolina Hurricanes Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/CAR/. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  35. "NHL Board of Governors officially approve Atlanta Thrashers’ relocation to Winnipeg". Associated Press. NBC Sports. June 21, 2011. http://prohockeytalk.nbcsports.com/2011/06/21/nhl-board-of-governors-officially-approve-altanta-thrashers-relocation-to-winnipeg/. Retrieved June 21, 2011.
  36. "Atlanta Thrashers Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/ATL/. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
  37. "1917-18 NHL Season Summary". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.hockey-reference.com/leagues/NHL_1918.html. Retrieved April 30, 2011.