Radovan Karadžić

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Radovan Karadžić
Радован Караџић
1st President of Republika Srpska
In office
7 April 1992 – 19 July 1996
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Biljana Plavšić
Personal details
Born 19 June 1945 (1945-06-19) (age 68)
Petnjica, SR Montenegro, SFR Yugoslavia
Nationality Serb
Political party SPD
Spouse(s) Ljiljana Zelen Karadžić
Religion Serbian Orthodox

Radovan Karadžić (Serbian Cyrillic: Радован Караџић; born 19 June 1945 in Petnjica, Montenegro, Yugoslavia) is a former Serb politician. He also worked as a poet. He is a psychiatrist. For a long time, he was a fugitive (running from the law), from 1995 until July 21, 2008. The International Criminal Court in The Hague looked for him. They say he might have committed war crimes.

Arrest[change | edit source]

Official sources in Belgrade reported that he had been arrested in Serbia and brought before Belgrade's War Crimes Court.[1] There had been an international arrest warrant against Karadžić for more than a decade. The tribunal looking into war crimes in the Yugoslav war said there were reasons to believe Karadžić had committed war crimes. This includes genocide, mainly directed against Muslims.[2] The United States government had offered a $5 million award for information that led to his arrest, and that of Ratko Mladić.[3] Karadžić was arrested and arraigned at a Serbian court on July 21, 2008.[4]

The film The Hunting Party was based on Karadzic's life as a fugitive.

War Crime Charges[change | edit source]

Karadzic is accused of ordering the Bosnian-Serb troops that he was in charge of to kill between 7500-8000 Bosnian Muslims in what became known as the Srebenica Massacre.[5] He is also accused of five counts of crimes against humanity, including ordering that people be treated differently for belonging to a different race, religion or political group (known as 'persecution') and forcing people to move out of the country because they were from a different race, religion or political group.[6] Most seriously, he is accused of 'genocide', which is the attempt to wipe out a group of people because they are different from you.

References[change | edit source]

  1. "Serbia captures fugitive Karadzic". BBC News (BBC). 2008-07-21. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7518543.stm. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
  2. "Serbia captures fugitive Karadzic". JANG News (JANG). 2008-07-21. Archived from the original on October 06, 2008. http://wayback.archive.org/web/20081006112911/http://www.jang.com.pk/jang/jul2008-daily/22-07-2008/update.htm%2302. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
  3. Rewards for Justice[dead link]
  4. "War criminal Radovan Karadzic captured". Radio Australia. http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/news/stories/200807/s2310301.htm?tab=latest. Retrieved 2008-07-22.
  5. ^ a b c UN Press Release SG/SM/9993UN, 11/07/2005 "Secretary-General Kofi Annan’s message to the ceremony marking the tenth anniversary of the Srebrenica massacre in Potocari-Srebrenica". Retrieved 9 August 2010.
  6. ^ "Karadzic will fight extradition". BBC. 23 July 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2010.