|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1820s 1830s 1840s – 1850s – 1860s 1870s 1880s|
|Years:||1856 1857 1858 – 1859 – 1860 1861 1862|
Events[change | change source]
- The Suez Canal begins to be built in Egypt.
- January 24 - Wallachia and Moldavia are united under Alexander John Cuza under the name Romania (see December 1 1918 for the final unification, Transylvania and other regions are still missing at that time).
Deaths[change | change source]
- Date unknown – Mahmud Bayazidi, Kurdish polymath
- John Brown