Ayman al-Zawahiri

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Ayman al-Zawahiri
أيمن محمد ربيع الظواهري
Ayman al-Zawahiri.png
Dr. Ayman al-Zawahiri, November 2001.
BornAyman Mohammed Rabie al-Zawahiri
(1951-06-19) 19 June 1951 (age 67)
Maadi, Cairo, Kingdom of Egypt
NationalityEgyptian
Alma materCairo University
OccupationEmir of al-Qaeda
Surgeon
Spouse(s)Azza Ahmed
(m. 1978–2001, her death), Umaima Hassan
Children
Military career
AllegianceFlag of Jihad.svg Egyptian Islamic Jihad (1980–1998)[1]
Flag of Jihad.svg al-Qaeda
(1998–present)
Years of service1980–present
RankEmir of al-Qaeda
Battles/warsWar in Afghanistan
War in North-West Pakistan

Ayman Mohammed Rabie al-Zawahiri [3] was born 19 June 1951. He is an Egyptian physician,[4] Islamic theologian and current leader of the militant Islamist organization al-Qaeda.[5] Ayman al-Zawahiri is a former member of Islamist organizations which have organised and carried out attacks in North America, Asia, Africa and the Middle East. In 2012 he called on fellow Muslims to kidnap western tourists in Muslim countries.[6]

Since the September 11 attacks, U.S. State Department has offered a US$ 25 million reward for information leading to al-Zawahiri's arrest.[7] He is under worldwide sanctions by the United Nations Security Council 1267 Committee as a member or affiliate of al-Qaeda.[8]

Earlier life[change | change source]

al-Zawahiri studied medicine in Cairo. He successfully completed his studies in 1974. For three years, he worked as a surgeon in the Egyptian army. After that, he worked in a hospital in Cairo. In 1980 and 1981, al-Zawahiri travelled to Pakistan to help the Red Crescent movement.[9]

al-Zawahiri is the author of several works including numerous al-Qaeda statements. He speaks Arabic, English[10][11] and French.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Ayman al Zawahiri". Retrieved 8/09/2014. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. Islamism: a documentary and reference guide (2008) Dr. John Calvert
  3. Arabic: أيمن محمد ربيع الظواهري  ʾAyman Muḥammad Rabīʿ aẓ-Ẓawāhirī
  4. fbi.gov
  5. BBC: Ayman al-Zawahiri appointed as al-Qaeda leader, 16 June 2011
  6. http://edition.cnn.com/2012/10/27/world/asia/al-qaeda-kidnap-threat/
  7. CNN: Egyptian doctor emerges as terror mastermind, accessed 16 June 2011
  8. UN list of affiliates of al-Qaeda and the Taliban
  9. "Succession to throne: Ayman al Zawahiri named head of al Qaeda". The Express Tribune.
  10. Al-Qaeda Deputy Head Ayman Al-Zawahiri in Audio Recording: Musharraf Accepted Israel's Existence
  11. Wilkinson, Isambard (11 August 2008). "Al-Qa'eda chief Ayman Zawahiri attacks Pakistan's Pervez Musharraf in video". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 26 April 2010.