Baltimore/Washington International Airport

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Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport
BWI airport terminal.jpg
Airport typePublic
OwnerMaryland Aviation Administration (MDOT MAA)
OperatorMDOT MAA[1]
LocationAnne Arundel County, Maryland, U.S.
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL146 ft / 45 m
Coordinates39°10′31″N 076°40′06″W / 39.17528°N 76.66833°W / 39.17528; -76.66833Coordinates: 39°10′31″N 076°40′06″W / 39.17528°N 76.66833°W / 39.17528; -76.66833
A map with a grid overlay showing the terminals runways and other structures of the airport.
FAA airport diagram
BWI is located in Maryland
Location of airport in Maryland
BWI is located in the United States
BWI (the United States)
Direction Length Surface
ft m
10/28 10,503 3,201 Asphalt
15L/33R 5,000 1,524 Asphalt
15R/33L 9,501 2,896 Asphalt
Number Length Surface
ft m
H1 100 30 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Aircraft operations266,569
Based aircraft (2017)47
Cargo439,923,554 lb (199,546 t)
Sources: Federal Aviation Administration[3] and BWI Airport.[4]

Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport [5] is an airport serving the Washington Metropolitan Area in the United States. It is commonly called BWI. The airport is in northern Anne Arundel County, Maryland. It is about 10 miles (16 km) south of Baltimore[6] and 32 miles (51 km) northeast of Washington, DC.[7] BWI is named after Thurgood Marshall. He is a Baltimore native and the first African American to be on the Supreme Court of the United States.

BWI is a focus city for Southwest Airlines and Cape Air. It is a hub for AirTran Airways. 21.9 million passengers traveled through BWI in 2010.[8] July was the busiest month ever in the airport's history.[9] BWI was the 24th busiest airport in North America in 2010.[10] The airport was also 47th in the world in total aircraft movements in 2008.[11]

In 2010, BWI was listed as the best airport of its size (15–25 mil. passengers) in the world by the Airports Council International. This was based on its 2009 Airport Service Quality survey.[12] The airport also won second place for North American airports in the "Best Food and Beverage Program" of the 2010 Richard A. Griesbach Excellence in Airport Concessions Contest.[13]

History[change | change source]

The planning to build a new airport on 3,200 acres (1,300 ha) to serve the Baltimore/Washington area began just after World War II. Construction began in 1947.[14] The airport was first named Friendship International Airport after the Friendship Methodist Church which was next to the land used to build the airport until 1948.[15] The airport was opened on June 24, 1950, by President Harry Truman. In April 1957, the airport had 52 weekday departures. Eastern, Capital, American, National, TWA, United, 2 Delta and Allegheny flew through BWI at that time. The early Boeing 707s and Douglas DC-8s could not use Washington National, and Dulles was not built until 1962, so Baltimore became Washington's jet airport. It dealt with flights across the continent.[16]

The State of Maryland bought Friendship International Airport from Baltimore for $36 million in 1972. The Maryland State Aviation Administration took control of the airfield. To get more passengers from the Washington area, the airport was renamed Baltimore/Washington International Airport in 1973.[17]

The BWI Rail Station opened in 1980. It gave a rail connection to passengers on the Northeast Corridor though Amtrak. BWI became the first airport in the United States to be served by a major rail station.[18] The station had easy access to Washington, D.C. This is something that Washington Dulles International Airport still does not have. In 1997, a new international terminal (Concourse E) was added.[19] Dulles still deals with most of the region's international flights. Air Jamaica and British Airways have used BWI for many years. AerLingus, Air Aruba, Air Greenland, El Al, Ghana Airways, Icelandair, KLM, Ladeco, and Mexicana have used BWI in the past. Military flights by the U.S. Air Force's Air Mobility Command still use BWI.

Beginning in the 1980s and for much of the 1990s, BWI was a major hub for Piedmont Airlines and US Airways. Financial problems because of the dot-com bust, the September 11 attacks, and competition which lowered ticket prices caused them to be less active at the airport. Southwest Airlines' began using the airport in September 1993. Southwest is now the airport's largest carrier. It had 56.76% of the passengers carried in 2008.[20] Southwest recently bought AirTran. Because of this, Southwest Holdings now has an average of 214 departures each day. BWI is now Southwest's 3rd largest destination.[21] BWI has International flights to London, Mexico, Canada, and the Caribbean and domestic flights throughout the United States.

Airlines and destinations[change | change source]

Passenger airlines[change | change source]

Cargo airlines[change | change source]

Destinations with direct service from BWI
Baggage claim area at the Baltimore/Washington International Airport.

References[change | change source]

  1. "About MDOT MAA". Retrieved February 16, 2019. The Maryland Department of Transportation Maryland Aviation Administration (MDOT MAA) is the owner and operator of BWI Marshall Airport (BWI) and Martin State Airport (KMTN).
  2. "Southern Airways Moves D.C. Area Hub to BWI". Archived from the original on August 7, 2017. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  3. FAA Airport Master Record for BWI (Form 5010 PDF), retrieved November 25, 2009
  4. "BWI Airport December 2015 Statistics" (PDF). December 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 15, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
  6. "Driving Directions: Baltimore, MD". BWI Airport. Archived from the original on December 19, 2011. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  7. "Driving Directions: Washington DC". BWI Airport. Archived from the original on July 15, 2017. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  8. Mirabella, Lorraine (February 14, 2011). "BWI sets passenger record in 2010". The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on February 26, 2011. Retrieved June 8, 2011.
  9. "BWI Airport sets passenger traffic record in 2010". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. February 14, 2011. Archived from the original on July 24, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  10. "2010 North American Airports Traffic". Airport Traffic Reports. Airports Council International. 2010. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  11. "Top World Airports 2008 Final Rankings". Airports Council International. 2009. Archived from the original on May 15, 2011. Retrieved February 17, 2010.
  12. "Survey: BWI ranked top airport of its size in world". The Baltimore Sun. February 18, 2010. Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved June 8, 2011.
  13. "BWI Thurgood Marshall Airport Wins Concessions Award". BWI Airport press release. Archived from the original on December 23, 2011. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  14. "BWI History at a Glance" Archived 2009-12-08 at the Wayback Machine BWI Airport Timeline: 1784-1947, retrieved December 27, 2011.
  15. Consella A. Lee (February 16, 1996). "Work crews unearth potter's field at BWI". The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2012-01-21.
  16. "BWI History at a Glance" Archived 2009-12-08 at the Wayback Machine BWI Airport Timeline: 1950–59, retrieved 2009-11-16
  17. "BWI History at a Glance" Archived 2009-12-08 at the Wayback Machine BWI Airport Timeline: 1970–79, retrieved 2009-11-17
  18. "BWI History at a Glance" Archived 2009-12-08 at the Wayback Machine BWI Airport Timeline: 1980–89, retrieved 2009-11-17
  19. "BWI Timeline: 1990 to 1999". BWI History at a Glance. Maryland Aviation Administration. Archived from the original on March 28, 2010. Retrieved December 15, 2011.
  20. 2008 North American Final Rankings Archived 2008-02-08 at the Wayback Machine. Airports Council International, retrieved February 17, 2010.
  21. "Southwest Airlines' Top Ten Airports". Southwest Airlines. Retrieved October 9, 2009.
  22. Michael Dresser (October 3, 2011). "BWI to gain new European connection". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved December 15, 2011.

Other websites[change | change source]