Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
|Prime Minister of the United Kingdom|
Royal Coat of Arms of Her Majesty’s Government.
The Right Honourable
(UK and Commonwealth)
|Status||Head of Government|
|Residence||10 Downing Street|
|First holder||Sir Robert Walpole|
The Prime Minister is normally, but not necessarily, the leader of the political party which wins most seats after a general election - of which 650 are available over the United Kingdom. Voters vote for their own local MP, not for the Prime Minister.
The first Prime Minister was Robert Walpole in the eighteenth century, but he was known as the First Lord of the Treasury. The first person to be officially called "Prime Minister" was Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman in 1905.
Other well-known prime ministers include Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill, Margaret Thatcher and Tony Blair. The Prime Ministers live and work at No.10 Downing Street or their country retreat Chequers House while in office.