C. V. Raman

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Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, FRS[1] (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970) was an Indian physicist. He studied light scattering. He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930 for his work in this subject. He discovered that, when light passes through a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes in wavelength. This phenomenon is now called Raman scattering and is the result of the Raman effect.He died in his institute garden surrounded by flowers of natural circumstances.[2] He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1954.[3][4]He has two sons name is chandrasekhara and radhakrishnan.he was married on 1907 in 1902 raman joined presedency collage in madras .he was self educate in scince

Early years[change | change source]

Raman was born to a Tamil family in Thiruvanaikaval, Trichinopoly, present-day Tiruchirapalli, Madras Presidency, in British India to Parvati Amma. He was self-educated in the field of science.[citation needed]

Ancestors[change | change source]

His maternal grandfather, Saptarshi Sastri, was a Sanskrit scholar, who was learned in navya nyaya (modern logic). Raman's father initially taught in a local school in Thiruvanaikaval and later became a lecturer of mathematics and physics in Mrs. A.V. Narasimha Rao College, Vishakapatnam (then Vizagapatnam) in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, and later joined Presidency College in Madras.[6]

Early years[change | change source]

At an early age, Raman moved to the city of Visakhapatnam, and studied in St. Aloysius Anglo-Indian High School. Raman passed his matriculation examination at the age of 11 and he passed his F.A. examination (equivalent to today's Intermediate exam) with a scholarship at the age of 13.

In 1902, Raman joined Presidency College in Madras where his father had become a lecturer in mathematics and physics.[7] In 1904 he passed his B.A. (Bachelor of Arts) examination - he stood first and won the gold medal in physics. In 1907 he gained his M.A. (Master of Arts) degree with the highest distinctions.[1]

Career[change | change source]

In 19 at the IACS and the Universisons, Chandrasekhar and Radhakrishnan.

On his religious views, he was an agnostic.[22][23]

Raman retired from the Indian Institute of Science in 1948 and established the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore, Karnataka, a year later. He served as its director and remained active the]

Achievements[change | change source]

During a voyage to Europe in 1921, Raman noticed the blue colour of glaciers and the Mediterranean sea. He was motivated to discover the reason for the blue colour. Raman carried out experiments regarding the\f scientists in Bangalore on 16 March 1928, and won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.

Books[change | change source]

For compact work, see: Scientific Papers of C. V. Raman, S. Ramaseshan (ed.).

  • Vol. 1 – [edit]

Bust of Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman which is placed in the garden of Birla Industrial & Technological Museum.

Raman was honoured with a large number of honorary doctorates and memberships of scientific societies.

  • He ark.[25]

India celebs, "Do not allow the journals of the Academy to die, for they are the sensitive indicators of the quality of science being done in the country and whether science is taking root in it o

References[change | change source]

  1. Suri Bhagavantam (1971). "Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman 1888-1970". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 17: 564–526. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1971.0022.
  2. "Sri Venkata Raman - Biographical". Nobel Peace Prize - Official website. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1930/raman-bio.html. Retrieved 6 November 2013.
  3. "Raman, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata". Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.. 2007. http://www.britannica.com/nobelprize/print?articleId=62569&fullArticle=true&tocId=9062569. Retrieved 2007-09-11.
  4. G. Venkataraman, 'Journey into light: life and science of C. V. Raman,' Indian Academy of Science, 1988. ISBN 818532400X.