Nobel prize medal.svg

William Shockley

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
William Shockley
William Shockley, Stanford University.jpg
Born
William Bradford Shockley Jr.

(1910-02-13)February 13, 1910
DiedAugust 12, 1989(1989-08-12) (aged 79)
NationalityAmerican
Alma mater
Known for
Awards
Scientific career
Institutions
Doctoral advisorJohn C. Slater

William Bradford Shockley Jr. (February 13, 1910 – August 12, 1989) was an American physicist and inventor. He was the manager of a research group at Bell Labs. He won the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics.

While a professor of electrical engineering at Stanford University, Shockley became a supporter of eugenics. He is known as a controversial Nobel winner.[1]

Shockley died of prostate cancer on August 12 1989 at the age of 79.[2] He did not have a good relationship with his family when he died. His children learned of his death by reading his obituary in the newspaper.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. Carl, N.; Woodley of Menie, M. A. (November 1, 2019). "A scientometric analysis of controversies in the field of intelligence research". Intelligence. 77: 101397. doi:10.1016/j.intell.2019.101397. ISSN 0160-2896. S2CID 209513578.
  2. "William B. Shockley, 79, Creator of Transistor and Theory on Race". New York Times. August 14, 1989. Archived from the original on October 15, 2009. Retrieved July 21, 2007. He drew further scorn when he proposed financial rewards for the genetically disadvantaged if they volunteered for sterilization.
  3. "William Shockley (Part 3 of 3): Confusion over Credit". PBS. 1999. Retrieved January 1, 2015.