Hendrik Antoon Lorentz
|Died||4 February 1928 (aged 74)|
|Alma mater||University of Leiden|
|Known for||Lorentz transformation|
Theory of EM radiation
|Awards||Nobel Prize for Physics (1902)|
Rumford Medal (1908)
Franklin Medal (1917)
Copley Medal (1918)
|Doctoral advisor||Pieter Rijke|
|Doctoral students||Geertruida L. de Haas-Lorentz|
Hendrika Johanna van Leeuwen
Hendrik Antoon Lorentz (18 July 1853 – 4 February 1928) was a Dutch physicist. In 1902, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics together with Pieter Zeeman for the discovery and theoretical explanation of the Zeeman effect. He also derived the transformation equations that were later used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time.
Biography[change | change source]
Early life[change | change source]
Career[change | change source]
Lorentz and special relativity[change | change source]
In 1905, Einstein would use many of the concepts to write his paper entitled "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies", known today as the theory of special relativity. Because Lorentz laid the fundamentals for the work by Einstein, this theory was originally called the Lorentz-Einstein theory.
Lorentz and general relativity[change | change source]
Lorentz was one of few scientists who supported Einstein's search for general relativity from the beginning – he wrote several research papers and discussed with Einstein personally and by letter. For instance, he attempted to combine Einstein's formalism with Hamilton's principle (1915).
Death[change | change source]
In January 1928, Lorentz became seriously ill, and died shortly after on February 4.
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Einstein, Albert (1905), "Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper" (PDF), Annalen der Physik, 322 (10): 891–921, Bibcode:1905AnP...322..891E, doi:10.1002/andp.19053221004. See also: English translation.
- Miller, Arthur I. (1981). Albert Einstein's special theory of relativity. Emergence (1905) and early interpretation (1905–1911). Reading: Addison–Wesley. ISBN 0-201-04679-2.
- Kox, A.J. (1993). "Einstein, Lorentz, Leiden and general relativity". Class. Quantum Grav. 10: S187–S191. Bibcode:1993CQGra..10S.187K. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/10/S/020. S2CID 250884975.
- Kox, Anne J. (2011). "Hendrik Antoon Lorentz (in Dutch)". Nederlands Tijdschirft voor Natuurkunde. 77 (12): 441.