An artificial or constructed language (sometimes called a conlang) is a language that has been created by a person or small group, instead of being formed naturally as part of a culture. Some constructed languages are designed for use in human communication (like the well-known Esperanto). Others are created for use in fiction, linguistic experiments, secret codes, or simply because the maker likes to play language games.
Constructed languages can be split into a priori languages, which are made from scratch, and a posteriori languages, which borrow words and grammar from existing languages.
Constructed languages can also be split into groups. These groups are:
- Engineered languages (engelangs), which are split into philosophical languages and logical languages (loglangs) - designed for experiments in logic or philosophy
- Auxiliary languages (auxlangs) - designed for international communication (also called International Auxiliary Language, (IAL))
- Artistic languages (artlangs) - designed to look or sound pretty, or just for fun.
Some constructed languages also have constructed scripts to write them.
Some examples of constructed languages[change | edit source]
- American Sign Language, as well was other signed languages for the deaf
- Basic English
- Na'vi language
- Dutton's Speedwords
- Latino Sine Flexione
- Lingua Franca Nova
- Middle-earth languages (Quenya, Sindarin)
- Occidental (Interlingue)
- Pig Latin
- Toki Pona
Other websites[change | edit source]
- ENIONI Site dedicated to some constructed languages, mainly: Esperanto, Idiom Neutral, Ido, Occidental/Interlingue, Novial, e Interlingua. It contains the ret magazines: Posta Mundi, Vok Neutral, e IE Munde.
- (English) The Language Construction Kit
- (English) LingoJam - a tool for creating conlang translators