Basic English

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Basic English
Created byCharles Kay Ogden
Setting and usagecontrolled natural language
constructed language
  • Basic English
SourcesModern English
Language codes
ISO 639-3

Basic English (Business Academic Scientific International Commercial) is a controlled language used to explain complex thoughts. It has 850 basic English words chosen by Charles Kay Ogden. Some articles in the Simple English Wikipedia use only Basic English.

In 1936, Ogden hired Otto Neurath and Marie Neurath to make International Picture Language as one of a group of eight books in Basic English.[1]

Rules of word use[change | change source]

The word use of Basic English is simpler and more regular than the word use of normal English. In normal English, words often have a number of different meanings. To make Basic English easier, not all the meanings of a word are used.

Basic English uses Ogden's rules of grammar. Ogden's rules of grammar let people use the 850 words to talk about things and events simply.[2]

  1. -s / -es / -ies change singular nouns into plural nouns.
  2. -ing / -ed change verbs into adjectives.
  3. -ing / -er change verbs into nouns.
  4. -ly changes adjectives into adverbs.
  5. -er / -est or more / most describe amounts.
  6. un- changes the meanings of adjectives into their opposites.
  7. The opposite word order with do makes questions.
  8. 'Operators' (verbs) and pronouns change as in normal English.
  9. Make combined words (compounds) from two nouns (for example "football") or a noun and a direction ("sundown").
  10. Measures, numbers, money, days, months, years, clock time, and international words are in English forms. E.g. Date/Time: 20 May 1972 at 21:00
  11. Use the words of an industry or science. For example, in this grammar, some special words are for teaching languages, and not part of Basic English: plural, conjugation, noun, adjective, adverb, qualifier, operator, pronoun, and directive.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Ogden, Charles. "Basic Texts". Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  2. "Ogden's Basic English, Rules of Grammar". 1 January 1996. Retrieved 2009-07-28.

Other websites[change | change source]