International auxiliary language
An International auxiliary language (shortly IAL or auxlang) is a language that is intended for communication between people who have different first languages. The role of an international auxiliary language can play national languages, such as English, Spanish or French, or constructed languages, such as Esperanto and Interlingua.
Significant auxiliary languages[change | change source]
- pidgins - a simplified language used in Singapore, the Philippines, Polynesia and other places.
- Volapük - the first widely used constructed language, less popular after Esperanto was introduced.
- Esperanto - a constructed language with up to 2,000,000 speakers.
- Ido - a project of reformed Esperanto.
- Interlingua - popular constructed language.
- Basic English - A constructed language, a simplified form of English with reduced number of words
References[change | change source]
- Herbert N. Shenton, 'An International Auxiliary Language', Proceedings: Twenty-Fifth Annual Convention of Rotary International (Chicago: Rotary International, 1934), p. 105
- Atlas of Languages of Intercultural Communication in the Pacific, Vol 3, eds. S. A. Wurm; Peter Mühlhäusler; Darrell T. Tyron (Berlin; New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1996), p. 519
- Esperanto, Interlinguistics, and Planned Language, ed. Humphrey Tonkin (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1997), p. 183
- Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Seventeenth edition, eds. M. Paul Lewis; Gary F. Simons; Charles D. Fennig (Dallas, TX: SIL International, 2014) online version
- Language, a Right and a Resource: Approaching Linguistic Human Rights, ed. Miklós Kontra (Budapest: Central European University Press, 1999), p. 26