International auxiliary language
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Languages of large societies over the centuries have almost reached the international level, for example Latin, Greek, Standard Arabic, Standard Chinese, English, French, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.
Significant auxiliary languages[change | change source]
- pidgins - a simplified language used in Singapore, the Philippines, Polynesia and other places.
- Volapük - the first widely used constructed language, less popular after Esperanto was introduced.
- Esperanto - a constructed language with up to 2,000,000 speakers.
- Ido - a project of reformed Esperanto.
- Interlingua - a constructed language.
- Basic English - A constructed language, a simplified form of English with reduced number of words
Notes[change | change source]
- The term was used at least as early as 1908, by Otto Jespersen.
References[change | change source]
- Herbert N. Shenton, 'An International Auxiliary Language', Proceedings: Twenty-Fifth Annual Convention of Rotary International (Chicago: Rotary International, 1934), p. 105
- Bodmer, Frederick. The loom of language and Pei, Mario. One language for the world.
- Atlas of Languages of Intercultural Communication in the Pacific, Vol 3, eds. S. A. Wurm; Peter Mühlhäusler; Darrell T. Tyron (Berlin; New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1996), p. 519
- Esperanto, Interlinguistics, and Planned Language, ed. Humphrey Tonkin (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1997), p. 183
- Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Seventeenth edition, eds. M. Paul Lewis; Gary F. Simons; Charles D. Fennig (Dallas, TX: SIL International, 2014) online version
- Language, a Right and a Resource: Approaching Linguistic Human Rights, ed. Miklós Kontra (Budapest: Central European University Press, 1999), p. 26