Demographics of Hungary

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The Demographics of Hungary is the study of the population and people in Hungary.

Population[change | change source]

Nation[change | change source]

Census
year
Population Change
1949 9,204,799
1960 9,961,044 +8.22%
1970 10,322,099 +3.62%
1980 10,709,463 +3.75%
1990 10,374,823 −3.12%
2001 10,198,315 −1.70%
2011 9,937,628 −2.56%

Cities and towns[change | change source]

Budapest is the largest city in Hungary.
Rank City County 2011 census 2020 estimate Change
1 Budapest Budapest 1,733,685 1,750,216 +0.95%
2 Debrecen Hajdú-Bihar 211,340 201,112 −4.84%
3 Szeged Csongrád-Csanád 168,048 160,258 −4.64%
4 Miskolc Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén 167,754 152,901 −8.85%
5 Pécs Baranya 156,049 141,843 −9.10%
6 Győr Győr-Moson-Sopron 129,527 133,946 +3.41%
7 Nyíregyháza Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg 119,746 116,814 −2.45%
8 Kecskemét Bács-Kiskun 111,411 110,373 −0.93%
9 Székesfehérvár Fejér 100,570 96,529 −4.02%
10 Szombathely Vas 78,884 78,591 −0.37%
11 Szolnok Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok 72,953 70,554 −3.29%
12 Érd Pest 63,631 69,431 +9.12%
13 Tatabánya Komárom-Esztergom 67,753 66,141 −2.38%
14 Sopron Győr-Moson-Sopron 60,548 63,065 +4.16%
15 Kaposvár Somogy 66,245 60,656 −8.44%

Ethnic groups[change | change source]

Ethnic groups in Hungary based on the 2011 census.

The most recent census looking at ethnic groups was in 2016.

Population of Hungary in 2016[1]
Ethnic
group
microcensus 2016
Number %
Hungarians 9,632,774 98.3%
Romani 309,632 3.2%
Germans 178,837 1.8%
Romanians 36,506 0.4%
Slovaks 29,794 0.3%
Croats 22,995 0.2%
Russians 21,518 0.2%
Chinese 15,454 0.2%
Arabs 11,704 0.1%
Serbs 11,127 0.1%
Ukrainians 10,996 0.1%
Poles 8,245 0.08%
Vietnamese 7,304 0.07%
Greeks 4,454 0.05%
Bulgarians 4,022 0.04%
Slovenes 2,700 0.03%
Rusyns 2,342 0.02%
Armenians 2,324 0.02%
Others 26,349 0.3%
Total 9,803,837
  • In this census, people could select many ethnicities. These numbers do not add up to 100.

Romani[change | change source]

The 2011 and 2016 censuses found that the Romani people made up 3.2% of the population. Some estimates say that 7% of the population is Romani. [2] Regardless, they are the largest minority in Hungary.

The Romani people originally came from Northern India around the area of Rajasthan and Punjab.[3]

The county in Hungary with the largest percentage of Romani people is Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County. This county is in the north of Hungary and is next to Slovakia.

County Romani population
(2011 census)
%
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County 58,376 8.51%
Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg 44,738 8.00%
Nógrád 15,489 7.65%
Heves 19,467 6.30%
Somogy 16,794 5.31%
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok 19,089 4.94%
Baranya 17,585 4.55%
Tolna 9,072 3.94%
Hajdú-Bihar 18,546 3.39%
Békés 9,541 2.65%
Zala 7,283 2.58%
Bács-Kiskun 11,327 2.18%
Pest 20,719 1.70%
Fejér 6,497 1.53%
Veszprém 5,336 1.51%
Komárom-Esztergom 4,371 1.44%
Csongrád-Csanád 5,006 1.20%
Budapest 20,151 1.17%
Vas 2,685 1.05%
Győr-Moson-Sopron 3,511 0.78%
Total[4] 315,583 3.18 %

Germans[change | change source]

Germans are the third largest ethnic group in Hungary. The county with the largest percentage of Germans is Baranya with 6.1% according to the 2011 census.

Languages[change | change source]

Religions[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Vukovich, Gabriella (2018). Mikrocenzus 2016 - 12. Nemzetiségi adatok [2016 microcensus - 12. Ethnic data] (PDF). Hungarian Central Statistical Office (in Hungarian). Budapest. ISBN 978-963-235-542-9. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  2. "Anger grows in Hungary over anti-Roma article". The Guardian. London. 8 January 2013.
  3. Hancock, Ian F. (2005) [2002]. We are the Romani People. Univ of Hertfordshire Press. p. 70. ISBN 978-1-902806-19-8: ‘While a nine century removal from India has diluted Indian biological connection to the extent that for some Romani groups, it may be hardly representative today, Sarren (1976:72) concluded that we still remain together, genetically, Asian rather than European’CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  4. "Hungarian Central Statistical Office". Ksh.hu. 2014-04-14. Retrieved 2016-05-21.